Oneida is a Northern Iroquoian language with about 200 speakers in
southern Ontario in Canada, and in New York state and part of Wisconsin
in the USA. The native name for the language, Onʌyotaʼa:ka,
means 'people of the standing stone'.
The Oneida tribe was one of the original members of the Iroquois Confederacy,
or Kanonsionni (league of clans). The other member of the Confederacy
were the Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, and Onondaga. A sixth tribe, the Tuscarora,
joined the confederacy at a later date. These allies now refer to themselves
as the Haudenosaunee (people of the longhouse) or Six Nations.
Oneida alphabet and pronunciation
Stress is marked with an acute accent (á)
Underlined letters are pronounced voiceless (whispered)