Celtic cognates

The six Celtic languages currently spoken are divided into two branches: Goidelic or Gaelic, and Brythonic or British. The former branch consists of Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, while the latter branch includes Welsh, Cornish and Breton.

While there are many similarities between the languages in each branch, there are fewer similiarities between the two branches as they have had thousands of years to grow apart.

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in the Standard Written Form (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of Cornish. The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling.


Adjectives

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
mór mòr mooar mawr meur meur big
great
large
bulky
bras*     bras bras bras
beag beag beg bach
bychan
byghan bihan small
ard àrd ard ardd arth arz high
elevated
noble
uasal uasal ooasle uchel ughel uhel
íseal ìosal injil
ishil*
isel isel izel low
leathan leathann lhean llydan ledan ledan wide
broad
caol caol keyl cul kul narrow
thin
gentle
strizh
deas deas jesh deau
de
dyhow dehou right
south
clé clì clee cledd kledh kleiz left
north
maith math mie mad* mas* mat/mad good
droch droch drogh drwg drog drouk bad
evil
mear mear merre miri meri quick
fast
lively
sona sona sonney happy
fortunate
glad
merry
llawen lowen
lowenek
laouen
brón bròn bran brwyn sorrow
sadness
sad
trist trist trist
saor saor seyr free
cheap
rhydd rydh rid*
cruinn cruinn cruinn crwn krenn
kern
krenn round
daor daor deyr dear
costly
buffoon
drûth drùth drud drudh
nua nuadh noa newydd nowydh nevez new
fresh
úr ùr oor ir yr
maoin maoin mayn mwyn muin maon gift
property
gentle
thin
milis milis millish melys melys sweet
óg òg aeg ifanc yowynk
yonk
yaouank young
sean sean shenn hen hen hen old
bodhar bodhar bouyr byddar bodhar bouzar deaf
lán làn lane llawn leun leun full
tiubh tiugh çhiu tew tew tev thick
trom trom trome trwm heavy
labhar labhar llafar lavar lavar talkative
fliuch fliuch fliugh gwlyb gleb
glyb
gleb wet
tirim tioram çhirrym dry
sych sygh
segh
sec'h
glan glan glen glân glan glan clean
clear
maol maol meayl moel mool moal bald
bare
fial fial feoilt gŵyl modest
seemly

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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