a Celtic cognates - Tools

Celtic cognates

This page contains words that are cognate in all or some of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


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These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bac bac bac bach bagh bac'h hook
mattock
hindrance
cliabh cliabh clean cawell kowell kavell basket
creel
pannier
coire coire coirrey pair per* per cauldron
kettle
boiler
liach liogh lheegh llwy lo loa spoon
ladle
píce pìc peeik pig pig pig pickaxe
pike
peak
scuab sguab skeab ysgub
ysgubell
skub
skubell
skub
skubell
brush
broom
sheaf
slat slat slat llath lath lazh stick
rod
staff
snáthaid snàthad snaid nodwydd naswydh
najedh
nadoez needle
pin

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These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
adhal adhal aall fork
trident
allwedd alhwedh alc'hwez key
bascead basgaid basca(i)d
baskad
basgeg basket basket
pannier
biail biail* bwyell bool bouc'hal axe
hatchet
caib caibe kiebbey caib pickaxe
spade
dibble
callor
callawr
kalter kaoter cauldron
kettle
boiler
casúr casar casoor hammer
cis
ciséan
cis
cisean
ciosan
kishan basket
creel
cló clò clou clo klaou bolt
lock
nail
cuach cuach cawg cup
dish
bowl
cyllell kollell kontell knife
eochair iuchair ogher agoriad key
forc forca fforc forgh forc'h fork
morthwyl morthol morzhol hammer
ord òrd oard gordd horzh hammer
píce pìc pig pig pik pickaxe
pike
peak
pigell pigell pigell goad
hoe
mattock
spúnóg spàin spein spoon
tál tàl taal adze
tua tuagh teigh axe
hatchet

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Celtic cognates

Complete Cognates, Partial Cognates . Cognates arranged thematically: Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Countries | Directions | Food and Drink | Landscape | Languages | Metals | Musical terms | Numbers | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Prepositions | Sea creatures | Time expressions | Trees and Plants | Verbs | Weather | Tools | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh

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