Celtic cognates - Adjectives

This page contains adjectives that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Adjectives

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
ard àrd ard ardd arth arz high
beag beag beg bach
bychan
byghan bihan small
bodhar bodhar bouyr byddar bodhar bouzar deaf
bréan breun breinn braen breen brein rotten
cam cam cam cam kamm kamm crooked
bent
curve
cruinn cruinn cruinn crwn krenn
kern
krenn round
droch droch drogh drwg drog drouk bad
evil
eile eile elley ail eyl eil other
second
fia fiadh feie gŵydd goodh gouez wild
fíor fìor feer gwir gwir gwir true
fliuch fliuch fliugh gwlyb gleb
glyb
gleb wet
Gael Gàidheal Gael Gwyddel Godhal Gouezel Gael
Irish person
glan glan glen glân glan glan clean
clear
íseal ìosal injil
ishil*
isel isel izel low
lán làn lane llawn leun leun full
leathan leathann lhean llydan ledan ledan wide
broad
maith math mie mad* mas* mat/mad good
maoin maoin mayn mwyn muin maon gift
gentle
thin
maol maol meayl moel mool moal bald
bare
mór mòr mooar mawr meur meur big
large
great
muad* muadh meeley meddal medhel med(d)al* soft
tender
nua nuadh noa newydd nowydh nevez new
óg òg aeg ifanc yowynk
yonk
yaouank young
sean sean shenn hen hen hen old
tiubh tiugh çhiu tew tew tev thick
uasal uasal ooasle uchel ughel uhel high
noble

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
amh amh aw of raw
crude
bog bog bog boug soft
tender
bras* bras bras bras great
big
bulky
brón bròn bran brwyn sad
caoch caoch kyagh coeg koeg one-eyed
blind
caol caol keyl cul kul narrow
chwech hweg c'hwek sweet
delicate
cúacca* gwag gwag gwak empty
soft
delicate
daor daor deyr servile
unfree
expensive
dara dala derrey second
drúth drùth drud drudh fool
dear
cherished
fás fàs faase empty
fial fial feoilt gŵyl modest
seemly
fiar fiar gŵyr gwarr gwar crooked
bent
curve
folamh falamh follym empty
labhar labhar llafar lavar lavar talkative
llawen lowen
lowenek
laouen happy
merry
lom lom lhome llwm lomm bare
naked
mear mear merre miri meri quick
fast
lively
milis milis millish melys melys sweet
rhydd rydh rid* free
cheap
saor saor seyr free
cheap
sona sona sonney happy
merry
sych sygh
segh
sec'h dry
tirim tioram çhirrym dry
trist trist trist sad
trom trom trome trwm trom* heavy
úr ùr oor ir yr new
fresh
verdant

Celtic cognates

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Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

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