Expensive Fools

Words for expensive, unfree & foolish in Celtic languages.


Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Old Irish (Goídelc) dóer, doír [doːi̯r/doːi̯rʲ] = servile, unfree, serf
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) dóer, doír = unfree, lowborn, serf, base, ignoble, slavish, enslaved, subject, guilty
doíraid = to debase, take, captive, enslave, condemn
Irish (Gaeilge) daor [d̪ˠeːɾˠ / d̪ˠiːɾˠ] = unfree; base, servile; convicted, condemned; hard, severe; costly; dear, high-priced
daoradh = enslavement, conviction, condemnation
daorán = slave, servile creature
daoránach = convict
daorobair = servile work, hard labour
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) daor [dɯːr] = condemned; enslaved, in bondage
daorachadh = condemning, dooming, condemnation, enslaving
daoran [dɯːran] = ned, lout
daorsa [dɯːr̪ˠsə] = bondage, captivity
daorsanach [dɯːr̪ˠsanəx] = convict
Manx (Gaelg) deyr = unfree, serf
deyrey = to condemn, convict doom; condemnation, conviction
deyrsnys = bondage, enslavement, serfdom, servitude, slavery, subjection
deyraneagh = convict

Etymology: from the Old Irish do- (to) & fer (man, husband) [source].

Proto-Celtic *drūtos = foolish, lewd; costly; daring, wanton; furious, grievous
Gaulish Trutiknos (personal name)
Old Irish (Goídelc) drúth = buffoon, jester, moron
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) drúth = professional jester, buffoon, poet, learned man, imbecile
drúthacht = buffoonery
drúthán = little jester, little fool
drúthlach = cuckold, foolish man
Irish (Gaeilge) drúth = irresponsible person, imbecile; jester, buffoon
drúthacht = buffioonery
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) drùth = lecherous, lascivious, foolish
drùthach = obscene
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) drut, drud = dear, expensive
drudwr = brave warrior
Welsh (Cymraeg) drud = dear, high-priced, costly, expensive; precious, valuable; daring, brave, valiant, courageous, bold; rash, reckless, foolish
drudedd = obstinacy
drudfawr = expensive, precious, courageous, valiant
drudlew = valiant and daring
Cornish (Kernewek) drudh = cherished, favourite, precious

Etymology: unknown [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Lexicon Cornu-britannicum: A Dictionary of the Ancient Celtic Language of Cornwall, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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