Fresh & New

Words for fresh and new in Celtic languages.

Proto-Celtic *ɸūros = new
Old Irish (Goídelc) úr = fresh, new
Irish (Gaeilge) úr [uːɾˠ] = fresh; free, liberal, moist
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) ùr [uːr] = new, fresh
Manx (Gaelg) oor = new, sweet, novel, sappy, crisp, span, fresh, hour, raw
Welsh (Cymraeg) ir [iːr] = verdant, green, juicy, sappy, moist, succulent, not withered, not dried up or coagulated, fresh, undried; mild; alive, thriving, lively, vigorous; new, fresh, young, unripe
Cornish (Kernewek) yr [ɪ:r / iːr] = fresh

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *puHrós (wheat), from *pewH- (to be clean, pure) [Source].

Proto-Celtic *nouyos = new
Old Irish (Goídelc) núa [n͈uːa̯] = new
Irish (Gaeilge) nua [n̪ˠuə / n̪ˠuː] = new, fresh, recent, novel
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) nuadh [nuəɣ] = new, fresh, recent, novel, modern, unfamiliar
Manx (Gaelg) noa = new, modern, novel, fresh, recent, original
Proto-Brythonic *newɨð = new
Welsh (Cymraeg) newydd [ˈnɛu̯.ɨ̞ð / ˈnɛu̯.ɪð] = new, recent, newly-grown, modern, late, novel, changed, different; new (moon), unused, fresh
Cornish nowydh = new
Breton (Brezhoneg) nevez [ˈne.ve] = new

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *néwos (new) [Source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, , Am Faclair Beag, MacBain’s Dictionary, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old-Irish Glossary, teanglann.ie, On-Line Manx Dictionary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionnaire Favereau

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