Happy & fortunate

Words for happy and forunate in Celtic languages.

Proto-Celtic *sognāwos = well-grown
Old Irish (Goídelc) sona [ˈsona] = happy, fortunate
Irish (Gaeilge) sona [ˈsˠʊn̪ˠə] = happy, blissful, fortunate, bright, complete, lucky
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) sona [sɔnə] = content, happy
Manx (Gaelg) sonney = affluent, lucky, fortunate, happy

Examples of use

  • Irish: Tá saol sona againn = We live a happy life
  • Irish: Ní iarrfainn a bheith níos sona = My happiness is complete
  • Scottish Gaelic: Cho sona ri bròg = Very happy (“As happy as a shoe”)
  • Scottish Gaelic: Tha iad sona fad an làithibh còmhla = They lived happily ever after
  • Manx: Va seihll sonney echey = He lived happily
  • Manx: Laa ruggyree sonney dhyt = Happy birthday to you
Proto-Brythonic *laweno = happy
Welsh (Cymraeg) llawen [ˈɬau̯ɛn / ˈɬau̯an] = merry, jovial, glad, cheerful, happy, blithe, joyful, joyous, jubilant; bringing happiness, pleasant, delightful.
Old Cornish louen = happy
Cornish (Kernewek) lowen [‘lɔwɛn / ‘lu:ɐn] = glad, happy
lowenek [lɔ’wɛnɛk / lə’wɛnɐk] = cheerful, gay, happy, joyful, merry
Breton (Brezhoneg) laouen [ˈlɔwːɛn] = happy; willingly, gladly

Etymology: possibly from the Proto-Indo-European *lāu- (to enjoy, win).

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie

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