Celtic cognates - Prepositions

This page contains adjectives that are cognate in all or some of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Prepositions

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
as à ass ech a ech* from
out of
ar air er ar war war on
in
at
do do da (d)di
(d)dy
i
dhe da for
to
towards
faoi fo fo go go* gwa-
gou-
under
below
rather
fré* ri rish wrth orth oc'h to
during
beside
against
idir eadar eddyr ythr* ynter
yntra
etre between
i(n)
s(n)a
ann ayns yn yn
en
en
er
el
in
seach seach shagh heb heb hep without
otherwise
by
past
tar thar har(rish) tra dres tra over
across
beyond
trí tre trooid trwy dre dre through
over
across

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These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
#x2014; ar draws a-dreus a-dreuz across
traverse
cét* gan gans gant with
by
chuig thuig hug to
toward
at
for
chun chùm chum to
toward(s)
for
gan gun gyn ken without
otherwise
le le lesh with
by
sith sith hyd hys hed until
length
long
re ri rish with
to
against
as
rhag (a-)rag rak before
in front of
roimh ro ro
roish
before
in front
tan tàn tan
dan
yn-dann e-dan under
below
time

Celtic cognates

Complete Cognates, Partial Cognates . Cognates arranged thematically: Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Countries | Directions | Food and Drink | Landscape | Languages | Metals | Musical terms | Numbers | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Prepositions | Sea creatures | Time expressions | Trees and Plants | Verbs | Weather | Tools | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh

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