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Celtic cognates

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur - a collection of Celtic cognates (includes definitions, pronunciation, etymologies, and older Celtic languages).

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in the Standard Written Form (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of Cornish. The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling.


Other words

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
abhainn abhainn awin afon avon aven river
ster
ainm ainm ennym enw hanow anv name
anáil anail ennal anadl anal anal breath
anseo an-seo ayns shoh yma omma amañ here
ansin an-sin ayns shen yna ena aze there
ansiúd (thall ansin) an-siud ayns shid draw
acw
yn tre ahont yonder
aois aois eash oes
oed
oos
ooj
oad age
áth àth aah ford
rith rhyd rys
red
red
baile baile balley beili town
house
farmstead
treibh treabh
treubh
tre(f) trev trev
báisteach baisteach Bashtagh rain
wetting
Baptist
fearthainn
fliuchadh fliuchadh fliaghey
glaw glaw glav
bealach bealach bollagh bwlch bolgh boulc'h way, road, track, pass
beatha beatha beaghey bywyd bewnans buhez life
beo beò bio byw bew bev alive
living
bás bàs basse dead
death
deceased
marbh marbh merriu
marroo
marw
marwolaeth
mernans marv
éag eug angau ankow ankow
bia biadh bee bwyd boos boued food
bith* bith beays byd bys bed world
existence
lifetime
saol saoghal seihll
bord bòrd boayrd bwrdd
bwrd
bord
bordh
bourzh table
board
tábla tàbla taabyl tabl tabel taol
bóthar bòthar bayr beidr bownder   road
lane
track
way
ffordd fordh
brí brìgh bree bri bri bri strength
energy
honour
dignity
bríste briogais breeçhyn brits(h) bragez
bragoù
trousers
breeches
triús triubhas troosyn trywsus
lavrek lavreg
broinne broinn brein bryn bronn
brodn
bronn hill(ock)
breast
bulge
caint cainnt caaynt speech
talk
Cáisg Càisg Caisht Pasg Pask Pask Easter
cáis càise caashey caws keus keuz
formaj
cheese
carraig carraig carrick carreg karrek karreg stone
rock
cliff
cloch clach clagh clog clog kleger
casair casair cesair keser kazarc'h hail
cloichshneachta clach-shneachd claghyn sniaghtee
cenllysg
casúr casar casoor hammer
morthwyl morthol morzhol
cill cill keeill cell kell kell (hermit's) cell
church
cistin cistin kishteen cegin kegin kegin kitchen
cliath cliath cleea clwyd kloes kloued hurdle
clog clag clag cloch clogh kloc'h bell
clock
clú cliù goo clyw klew klev hearing
fame
cnó cnò cro cnau know kraoñ nut
cnoc cnoc cronk cnwc knegh krug hill(ock)
bulge
brí bre* bre bre bre
torgenn
dún dùn doon din
dinas
din
dinas
din fort
fortress
town
city
castle
caer ker kaer
caiseal caisteal cashtal castell kastel kastell
dobhar* dobhar* dooar* dŵr dowr dour water
uisce uisge ushtey
droichead drochaid droghad bridge
pont pons pont
eaglais eaglais agglish eglwys eglos iliz church
eidheann eidheann hibbin eiddew idhyow(en) iliav(enn)
iliou(enn)
ivy
fáilte fàilte failt welcome
féan feun fainagh gwain goen
gweyn
gouin wagon
wain
cart
sheath
scabbard
vagina
féar feur faiyr gwair gora garzh hay
grass
fíor fìor feer gwir gwir gwir true
flaith flath flah gwlad gwlas
gulas
glad sovereignty
lordship
country
nation
gaoth gaoth geay wind
breeze
flatulence
whistle
fead fead fed gwynt gwyns gwent
awel awel avel
gort gort garth orth garth field
garden
enclosure
hedge
plain
achadh achadh
machaire machair magher
raon raon rheam
caí* cae ke kae
maes mes maez
grian grian grian sun
súil sùil sooill haul howl heol eye / sun
ím ìm eem (y)menyn amanyn amann butter
inbhear inbhir inver river mouth
estuary
confluence of waters
obar aber aber aber
íth* uwd yôs yod porridge
oatmeal
gruel
leite lite
brachán brochan broghan
lár làr laare llawr leur leur floor
ground
lann* lann lann llan lann lan church
parish
land
enclosure
leabhar leabhar lioar llyfr lyver levr book
léine lèine lheiney shirt
tunic
girdle
cris crys krys krez
leann llen len lenn curtain
cloak
cover
blanket
lus lus lus llysiau les
losow
louzaouen plant
herb
mil mil mill mêl mel mel honey
muir muir mooir môr mor mor sea
Nollaig Nollaig Nollick Nadolig Nadelik Nedeleg Christmas
olann olann ollan gwlân gwlan glaon wool
póg pòg paag poc pok kiss
cwmwl kommol koumoulenn cloud
néal neul neeal niwl niwl nivlenn mist
neamh nèamh niau nef nev neñv sky
heaven
ród rathad raad rhawd roud road
séad hynt hens hent path
way
road
seo seo shoh hwn
hon
hyn
ma mañ this
sin sin shen hwnnw
honno
hynny
homma
honna
se that
siabhainn* siabhann sheeabin sebon sebon soavon soap
sliabh sliabh slieau mountain
moorland
hillside
moned*
monad*
monadh muyne mynydd menydh menez
sliocht sliochd sluight llwybr path
track
section
offspring
cosán casan cassan
slí slighe sleayd
séad séad hynt hens
hyns
hent
sneachta sneachd sniaghtey nyf* snow
eira ergh erc'h
spiorad spiorad spyrryd ysbryd speris speret spirit
ghost
sráid sràid straid stryd stret straed street
alley
highway
ffordd fordh
sruth sruth stroo ffrwd frot* froud stream
river
current
valley
nant nans ant
sùgh soo
soolagh
sudd
sug
súgan soubenn juice
sap
soup
táille taille tailley tâl
talaith
tal tailh fare
fee
tally
teach taigh thie chi ti house
teaghlach teaghlach thielagh teulu teylu tiegezh family
people
tribe
muintir muinntir mooinjer
teanga teanga çhengey tafod taves
tavas
teod language
tongue
tribe
people
icht aiteam eggys iaith yeth yezh
tine teine çhenney tân tan tan fire
aile
tír tìr çheer tir tir tir land
country
uaimh uaimh oghe
ooig
(g)ogof gogoow
gug
cave
groc'h
mougev
úll ubhal ooyl afal aval aval apple

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur - a collection of Celtic cognates (includes definitions, pronunciation, etymologies, and older Celtic languages).

Notes

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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