Words for blessing, benediction and related things in Celtic languages.


Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *bendixtyū = blessing, benediction
Old Irish (Goídelc) bendacht [ˈbʲen͈daxt] = blessing, benediction
bennachaid = to bless, greet
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) bennacht, bendacht, beandacht = blessing
bennach = act of blessing, a blessing
bennachaid [ˈbʲen͈axɨðʲ] = to bless
Irish (Gaeilge) beannacht [bʲəˈn̪ˠaxt̪ˠ / ˈbʲan̪ˠəxt̪ˠ / ˈbʲan̪ˠa(h)t̪ˠ] = blessing, benediction
beannachtach = (act of) calling down blessings, blessed, benign, prosperous
beannaigh = to bless, greet
beannaíocht = piety, sanctimony
beannaithe = blessed, holy
beannaitheach = beatific
beannaitheacht = beatitude
slán agus beannacht = goodbye and God bless
beir beannacht = best wishes
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) beannachd [bjan̪ˠəxg] = blessing, compliments
beannachd leat/leibh = goodbye
beannaich [bjan̪ʲɪçʲ] = bless you! (when sneezing)
leis na beannachdan = with best wishes
Manx (Gaelg) bannaght = blessing, greeting, compliments, salute
bannaght ayd/eu = cheerio, adieu
bannaghey = to bless, greet, salute, send off
bannaghtagh = benedictory, blessing, greeter
bannee = to bless, holy, saintly, blessed
Proto-Brythonic *bendɨxθ / *bendiθ = blessing
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) bendith = blessing
bendithio = blessing
Welsh (Cymraeg) bendith [ˈbɛndɪθ] = blessing, benediction, blessedness, boon, godsend, bliss, grace, praise, thanks
bendith(i)af, bendith(i)o = to bless, consecrate, say grace, praise, glorify, thank
bendithiad = the act of blessing, benediction, a blessing
bendithiol = full of blessings, beneficial
bendithiwr, bendithydd = blesser
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) bennath, benneth, banneth = blessing
Cornish (Kernewek) bennath, bednath = blessing
benyga = to bless
benygys = blessed, hallowed
Middle Breton (Brezonec) bennoez, bennoz = blessing, benediction
Breton (Brezhoneg) bennozh [ˈbɛnːos] = blessing, benediction, thanks
bennigañ [bɛˈniːɡã] = to bless
bennigadenn = blessing, benediction

Etymology: from Latin benedictiō (blessing, benediction, extolling, praising), from benedicō (to speak well of sb, commend, bless, praise), from bene (well) *dīcō (speak)[source].

From the same roots we get words such as bension (blessing, benediction) and benediction in English, bénédiction (blessing, benediction) in French, and bendición (blessing) in Spanish [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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