To Read

Words for to read and related things in Celtic languages.

To read photo

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Old Irish (Goídelc) légaid = to read, study, read aloud, recite
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) légad = reading, studying
légaid = to read, study, recite
légthóracht = reading, perusal, learning, study
Irish (Gaeilge) léigh [lʲeːɟ] = to read
léamh = reading
léitheoir = reader
léitheoireacht = reading
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) leugh [l̪ːev] = to read
leughadair, leughamh = reader
leughadh, leughamh = reading, perusing, perusal
leughair [l̪ʲeːvər] = reader (person)
Manx (Gaelg) lhaih = to read
lhait, lhaiht = read
lhaihagh = bookish, legible, studious
lhaihder = reader, lector
lhaihderys = art of reading, perusal
lhaihoil = legible, readable
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) lleir, lleu, lleawr = to read
Welsh (Cymraeg) lleaf, lleu [ˈɬeav/ɬei̯] = to read

Etymology: from Latin legō (to choose, appoint, collect, extract, read), from the Proto-Italic *legō (to gather, collect) , from the Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect) [source].

Old Irish (Goídelc) léigenn = education, learning, reading, study
léignid = scholar
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) léigenn = studying, reading, learning, doctrine
léigaid = to read, study, recite
léigenta = learned
léignid = learned man, scholar
Irish (Gaeilge) léann [l̠ʲeːn̪ˠ] = learning, education, study
léannta = learned, erudite, scholarly
léanntacht = learnedness, erudition
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) léigheann [l̪ʲeː.ən̪] = (act of ) reading
Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn = literature, learning
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) llen, llên = literature, lore
darllein, darllain= to read
Welsh (Cymraeg) llên [ɬeːn] = literature, lore, scholar, priest, cleric, ecclesiastic, clerical, learned
llenyddiaeth = literature, scholarship
darllen(af) [ˈdarɬɛn(av) / ˈdarɬɛn(av)] = to read (aloud), peruse; learn; discern by observation, understand a person’s character; scrutinize
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) lyen = literature, learning, erudition, scholarship
lenn = to read
lenner = reader
Cornish (Kernewek) lien [ˈliːɛn] = literature
liennek = literary
lenna [‘lɛn:a / ‘lɛnɐ] = to read
lenner, lenores = reader
Middle Breton (Brezonec) lenn, leenn, leen = reading. to read
lenniff = to read
Breton (Brezhoneg) lenn [lɛnː] = to read
lennadur [lɛˈnɑː.dyr] = reading
lennañ = to read
lennegezh = literature
lenner [ˈlɛnː.ɛr] = reader
lennus [ˈlɛ.nːys] = legible
lennusted [ˈlɛ.nːys] = legibility, readability

Etymology: from Latin legendum/legendā, from Latin legō (to choose, appoint, collect, extract, read), from the Proto-Italic *legō (to gather, collect) , from the Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect) [source].

English words from the same roots include collect, dialect, dyslexia, elect, intellect, lectern, lection and legion [source].

Middle Cornish (Cernewec) redi, redyé = to read
redyans = reading
redior, rediores = reader
Cornish (Kernewek) redya = to read
redyans = reading
redyer, redyores = reader

Etymology: from English read, from Middle English reden (to counsel, advise, study, read), from Old English rǣdan (to read, advise, guess), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (to advise, counsel), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (to think, arrange [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Lexicon Cornu-britannicum: A Dictionary of the Ancient Celtic Language of Cornwall, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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