Words for foundation and related words in Celtic languages.


Proto-Celtic *bonus = foundation, base, butt
Gaulish *bona = foundation, base
Old Irish (Goídelc) bun [bun] = base, bottom, butt, end
Irish (Gaeilge) bun [bˠʊnˠ/bˠʌnˠ] = base, bottom; stock, stump; lower end; extremity; basis origin; basic provision; settled state; source, direction; trace
bunábhar = raw material; substance, main outlines
bunachar = base, foundation
bunadh = origin; stock, kind; native inhabitants; fundamental, basic
bunaigh = to found, establish
bunoscionn = upside down
bunú = foundation, establishment
bunús = origin, basis, foundation, settlement, substance, essence
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) bun [bun] = base, basis, bottom, foot; derivation, origin, source; butt, stub, stump; mouth (of a river)
bunach = squat/sturdy person, stumps, stubble
bunachar = base, foundation, root
bunasach = original, basic, fundamental
bunachas = base, foundation, root
buntach = stocky, stout, truncated, broken off
Manx (Gaelg) bun = author, basis, details, origin, original, prime, principle, raw material, stem, stool
bunneydagh = authoritative, basic, elemental, firsthand, fundamental, fundamentalist, original, primitive
bunneydys = basis, foundation, groundwork, origin, root
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) bon = bottom, base
Welsh (Cymraeg) bôn [boːn] = base, bottom, tree trunk, stump, stem, root
bondew = thick-based, fat-bottomed, broad-hipped, short and fat, fat-legged
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) ben = stem, base, trunk, butt, end
Cornish (Kernewek) ben = trunk, base, foot
Breton (Brezhoneg) ben = mouth of a river

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European **bʰuH- (to be, become) [source]. English words from the same PIE root include to be, moribund and possibly bunny [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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