Peace and Fairies

Today we are giving peace a chance in Celtic languages, and visiting some fairy mounds.

Eisteddfod 2018: A oes heddwch?
A oes heddwch? (Is there peace?)

Proto-Celtic *sedom = tumulus, peace
*sīdos = tumulus, peace, mound (inhabited by fairies)
Old Irish (Goídelc) síd = fairy mound, fairy, wondrous, enchanting, charming, delightful
síde = fairy people, fairies
sídach = of a fairy
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) side = fairy mound
Irish (Gaeilge) [ʃiː] = fairy mound
síth = peace, peace-offering, appeasment, pardon, forgiveness
síthe = fairy, bewitching, enchanting, deceptive, delusive
síofrach = elfin, fairy-like
síog = fairy
sián = fairy mound
bean sí = banshee, fairy woman
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) sìth [ʃiː] = fairy, peace, (fairy) hill, (fairy) mound
sìoth [ʃiəh] = peace
sìothshaimh [ʃiːhəv] = peacefulness, tranquillity
Manx (Gaelg) shee = peace; fairy, fairylike, fairy spirt, sprite
sheean = fairy hill, knoll, charm, fortune
sheeaghan = fairy spirt
sheeoil = composed, peaceable, peaceful, peace-loving
ben shee = banshee, fairy woman
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) het, hed = peace, tranquillity, calm
Welsh (Cymraeg) hedd [heːð] = peace, tranquillity, calm, serenity, quiet, dwelling, residence
heddgar = peace-loving, peaceable, peaceful
heddlu = police (force)
heddwas = police officer
heddwch = peace, concord, public order and security
heddychu = to make or restore peace, be reconciled, become pacified or appeased
heddychwr = peacemaker, appeaser, conciliator, pacifist
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) hedh = tranquillity, peace
hedhwch = peace, quietness, tranquillity
hedhy = to peace make, cause quite, tranquillize, rest, cease, stop
Cornish (Kernewek) hedh = halt, pause, respite
Old Breton hed = peace
Middle Breton (Brezonec) hezañ, heziñ, hezek = to cease, stop, remain, delay
Breton (Brezhoneg) hez = peace (?)

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *sed- (to sit) [source]. Words from the same PIE root include possibly words for to sit in Celtic languages, and chair, nest, seat and sit in English [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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