Bells and Clocks

Words for bell, clock and related things in Celtic languages:


Proto-Celtic *klokkos = bell
Old Irish (Goídelc) cloc = bell
Irish (Gaeilge) clog [klˠɔɡ] = bell, clock; blowball, (dandelion) clock
clogaire = bell-ringer, bellman
clogaireacht = bell-ringing
clogán = small bell
clogarnach = ringing, sound of bells
clogás = bell-tower, belfry
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) clag [kl̪ˠag] = bell; crash, loud noise
clagach = pertaining to or abounding in bells, bell-shaped
clagan = small bell
clag-mheur = hand (of a clock)
clag-chumach = bell-shaped
clag-pìobach = chime
clag-lann = belfry, steeple
clag-smàlaidh = curfew
Manx (Gaelg) clag = bell, clock, ball
clag aile = fire alarm
clag dooishtee = alarm clock
clag greiney = sundial
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) klych, cloch = bell
Welsh (Cymraeg) cloch [kloːχ] = bell, bell-shaped object, bubble; prize, feat; o’clock
clochaf, clochi, clocho = to bubble, gurgle, speak loudly, make a loud noise, clamour, shout
clochaidd = noisy, resonant, sounding like a bell
clochog = noisy, shrill, loud, boisterous, bubbling, boiling
clochyrrwr = bell-ringer
cloch (a)larwm = alarm-bell, warning bell
cloch (y) drws = doorbell
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) cloch = bell
Cornish (Kernewek) klogh [klɔ:x / klo:h] = bell
klogh meur = church bell
Middle Breton (brezonec) cloch, cloc’h, clec’h = bell
Breton (Brezhoneg) kloc’h = bell
kloc’hdi = church tower, steeple, bell tower
kloc’h-galv = warning bell
kloc’h-skouarn = earring
kloc’had = peal of a bell

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *klēg-/*klōg- (onomatopoeia), or from *kleg- (to cry, sound) [source]. English words from the same Proto-Celtic root include clock, cloche and cloak [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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