Tables

Today we’re looking at words for table in Celtic languages.

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Proto-Celtic *klārom / *klāros = plank, board, table
Old Irish (Goídelc) clár [klaːr] = board, plank, stave, gameboard, table, writing tablet, level, expanse
Irish (Gaeilge) clár [klˠɑːɾˠ/klˠæːɾˠ] = board, stave, table, counter, flat surface, plane, platform, list, programme
clárach = made of boards, wooden, flat, broad, splay (of feet)
cláraigh = to flatten, beat, belabour, tabulate, list, register, enrol
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) clàr [kl̪ˠaːr] = smooth surface, stave, staff (in music), board, plank, agenda, register, schedule, disk, chart, record, tablet, cover, lid, table, shallow wooden plate
clàraidh = wooden partition, wooden floor, decking
clàradh = record(ing), enroling, registering, enrolment, registration
clàrach = tabular, bare, bald
Manx (Gaelg) claare = stave, board, play bill, table (list), batten, platter, bar counter, programme
claaragh = partition
claaraghey = index, enrolment, enrol, programme
Proto-Brythonic *klọr [klɔːrˑ] = board, cover, plank
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) cláúr / klawr = cover, lid, shutter, valve, board, plank, face, surface, plate
Welsh (Cymraeg) clawr [klau̯r] = cover, lid, plank
clawrddor = hatch, trap-door
clawr ffenestr = shutter
clawr llyfr cover of a book
clawr lygad = eyelid
clawr tawlbwrdd = chess board, draught board
Breton (Brezhoneg) kleur = stilt peg

Etymology: possibly from the Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂ro- (plank), from *kleh₂ (to cut) [source].

Old Irish (Goídelc) bord = table
Irish (Gaeilge) bórd [bˠoːɾˠd̪ˠ / bˠəuɾˠd̪ˠ] = board, table; board (organisation), council; border; side (of ship), gunwale
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) bòrd [bɔːr̪ˠd] = table, deck, board, plank; board (organisation)
Manx (Gaelg) boayrd = shelf of rock, table, plank, board
Welsh (Cymraeg) bwrdd [bʊrð] / bwrd = table, board; food and drink, daily sustenance, hospitality; board, body of councillors, committe; deck, board; side of a ship; board, plank
Cornish (Kernewek) bordh = board, table
bord = board
Breton (Brezhoneg) bourzh = side (of a boat)

Etymology: from the Old English bord (board, plank, table, shield, the side of a ship), from the Proto-West Germanic *bord (board, plank), from the Proto-Germanic *burdą (board, plank, table) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, teanglann.ie, Fockleyreen: Manx – English Dictionary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionnaire Favereau

Irish (Gaeilge) tábla [ˈtaːblɒ] = table
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) tàbla [taːbl̪ˠə] = table
Manx (Gaelg) taabyl = table
Welsh (Cymraeg) tabl = table, board (for games); inscribed tablet, writing-tablet; picture, painting; genealogical table; table (of figures or facts)
Cornish (Kernewek) tabel = table
Breton (Brezhoneg) taol = table

Etymology: from the Latin tabula (board, plank, table) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Another word for table in Cornish is moos, the origins of which are not known.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, logainm.ie, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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