The End

Words for end, after and related things in Celtic languages.

Kyle of Lochalsh / Caol Loch Aillse

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *dīwedom = end
Old Irish (Goídelc) dead [ˈdʲe] = end, conclusion, limit
déidenach = final, last
deired [ˈdʲerʲəð] = remainder, residue, end, rear, conclusion
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) dead, deud, diud = end, conclusion, limit
i ndead, inna dead = below, further on, after, behind, since
co dead = forever, to the end, always
fo deoid = = at last, in the end, ultimately
deired = remainder, residue, end, rear, conclusion
deiredach = coming at the end, latest, last
Irish (Gaeilge) diaidh [dʲiəɟ / dʲiə]
as diaidh = after, behind
diaidh ar/i ndiaidh = gradually
i ndiaidh [əˈnʲiəɟ / əˈn̠ʲeːj] = after, later, subsequently
ina ndiaidh sin [ɪnˠə ˈjiə ʃin] = afterwards, after that
deireadh = end, conclusion, termination
deireanach = last, late, latter, recent
deireanaí = lateness
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) dèidh [dʲeː] = after
an dèidh [ən̪ʲˈdʲeː] = after, behind
dèidheanach = last, hindmost
deireadh [dʲerʲəɣ] = end, rear, stem, remains, leftovers
deireannach [dʲerʲənˠəx] = final, last, ultimate, hindmost, latter, late, tardy, slow, posterior, backward
Manx (Gaelg) jei = afterwards, after, behind
jei shoh = henceforth
jei-cheeayllagh = retarded, backward
jerrey = back, close, conclusion, effect, end, expiration, expiry, extreme, finale, finish
jerrinagh = absolute, belated, closing, end, final, last
jerrinaght = absoluteness, final, finality
Proto-Brythonic *diweð [ˈlɔːn] = end, ending
Old Welsh (Kembraec) diued = end
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) diuet, diwet, dyuet, diwed, diỽed = end, close, conclusion
diwedho, diwed = to end, finish, close
diwedar, diweddar = late, recent, modern, deceased
Welsh (Cymraeg) diwedd [ˈdɪu̯ɛð] = end, close, conclusion, consumation, termination, extremity, death, event, issue
diweddaf, diwedd(u) = to end, finish, close, terminate, perish, put an end to
diweddar [dɪu̯ˈɛðar] = late, recent, modern, deceased
diweddaru = to modernize, get or become late
diweddaf [dɪu̯ˈɛθav] = last, final, previous, most recent
ar y diwedd = in the end, at the end, at last, ultimately, finally
o’r diwedd = at last, finally
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) diwedh, dewedh = an end, bound, goal, limit
diwedha = late, utmost
diwedhas = late
diwedhe = to end, finish, accomplish
diwedhva = an ending place, end, conclusion
Cornish (Kernewek) diwedh = end, outcome
heb diwedh = endlessly, continuously, eternal
war an diwedh = at long last, finally, in the long term
diwedha = to end, expire
diwedhans = expiry
diwedhes = late
diwedhva = destination, end, ending
diwedhys = ended, late, over
Old Breton diued = end
Middle Breton divez, diuez = end
diuezaff = last, final
Breton (Brezhoneg) diwezh [ˈdiwːɛ(s)] = end, final
diwezhañ [di.ˈweː.zã] = last, final
diwezhat [diˈweː(z)at] = late, remained, backward
diwezhataat = to postpone, adjorn

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Etymology: from Proto-Celtic *dīwedeti (to stop), *dī- (from, away) and *wedeti (to lead), from Proto-Indo-European *wédʰeti (to lead), from *wedʰ- (to bind, secure, pledge, guarantee, lead) [source]. Words from the same roots include engage, gage, wage, wager and wed in English, and gager (to guarantee, wager, bet) in French [source]. The word Taoiseach (the Head of the Irish government), possibly comes from the same roots [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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