Words for eyebrow, eyelash, eyelid and related things in Celtic languages.

002-365 Nothing But Eyebrows

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *abrant- = eyelid
Old Irish (Goídelc) abra = eyelash
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) abra eyelash, eyelid
fabra = eyelash, eyelid, fringe
Irish (Gaeilge) fabhra, abhra = eyelash, (eye)brow
fabhraí = fringe
fabhraíoch = pertaining to eyelashes, ciliary
fabhrán = cilium
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) abhra [aurə] = eyelid, eyelash
abhrad [aurəd] = eyelid, eyelash
fabhra [faurə] = eyelid, eyelash, fringe
fabhrad [faurəd] = eyelid, eyelash, fringe
Manx (Gaelg) ferroogh = eyelash, eyelid
Proto-Brythonic *abrant = eyelid
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) amrant, amraỽt = eyelid, eyelash, eyebrow
Welsh (Cymraeg) amrant [ˈamrant] = eyelid, eyelash, eyebrow
ar amrant = in the twinkling of an eye, instantly
amrantaf, amrantu = to blink, wink, shut (eyes), doze, slumber sleep, fall asleep
amrantiad = twinkling of an eye, instant
amrantun = nap, sleep
amrantyn = twinkling of an eye, moment, instant, eyelid
Old Cornish abrans = eyebrow
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) abrans = eyebrow
Cornish (Kernewek) abrans [ˈabrans] = eyebrow
Middle Breton abrant = eyebrow
abrantec = with large eyebrows
Breton (Brezhoneg) abrant [ˈa.brãnt] = eyebrow
abranteg = finicky, pernickety, haughty, supercilious, punctilious
abrantek = with large eyebrows

Etymology: related to Proto-Celtic *brū- (brow), from PIE *h₃bʰrúHs (eyebrow) [source]. Words from the same roots include brim, brine, brow and front in English, front (forhead) in French, and bryn (brow, edge, crest, ridge) in Swedish [source].

Proto-Celtic *malaxs = eyelid
Old Irish (Goídelc) mala = eyebrow
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) mala = eyebrow
Irish (Gaeilge) mala [ˈmˠɑl̪ˠə] = eyebrow, brow, slope, incline
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) mala [mal̪ˠə] = eyebrow, brow
malairneach [mal̪ˠər̪ˠn̪ʲəx] = frowning
malach [mal̪ˠəx] = having / pertaining to eyebrows
Manx (Gaelg) mollee = brow, eyebrow
Middle Breton maluen = eyelid, eyebrow
maluennec = having big eyebrows
Breton (Brezhoneg) malvenn [ˈmal.vɛn] = eyelid, eyelash, eyebrow, canopy
malvenneg = ciliated
malvennek = having big eyebrows
malvennin, malvenniñ = to blink

Etymology: from PIE *ml̥Hdʰo- [source]. Words from the same roots include brim, brine, brow and front in English, front (forhead) in French, and bryn (brow, edge, crest, ridge) in Swedish [source].

Old Welsh (Kembraec) ail = eyebrow, eyelid, brow, forehead
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) ael = eyebrow, eyelid, brow, forehead, edge, border, hem, side, summit
aeldew = thick-browed
Welsh (Cymraeg) ael [aːɨ̯l / ai̯l] = eyebrow, eyelid, brow, forehead
aeldew = thick-browed
aeldrist = sad-faced
aeldrwm = heavy-browed, frowning
aeliad, aelio = to protrude
aeliog = (big-/large-)browed, large-brimmed
Old Breton (Brethonoc) guorail = eyebrow

Etymology: unknown [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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