Words for low and related things in Celtic languages.

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Proto-Celtic *ɸīsselos = low
Old Irish (Goídelc) ísel [ˈiːsʲel] = low
ísle – lowness
ísligidir = to lower, to humble
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) isil, ísel = low, low-laying, of low stature, hollow, the depths
ísle – lowness, lowliness, humility, meanness, depression
ísligidir = lower, brings, low, humbles
Irish (Gaeilge) íseal [ˈiːʃəlˠ] = low, low-lying, lowly person
ísealaicme = lower class, lower order
ísealchéim = low step, low rank, low degree
ísealchríoch = low land
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) ìosal [iəsəl̪ˠ] = low, humble, mean lowly
os ìosal = secret, covert, quietly
gu h-ìosal = below
ìseal [iːʃəl̪ˠ] = low, commoner
Manx (Gaelg) ishil = low
injil = low, low-necked, low-lying, low-level, low down, low-built, low-pitched, low-grade, common (vulgar), depressed, subdued, subaltern
inshley = lower, minimum, nether
injilaghey = to change down, condescend, cut down, depress, humiliate
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) isel, issel = low
iselir, isely, iselu = to make low, lower
iselder = lowness, meekness, modesty, humility
iselfryd, issel-fryd, isel-fryd = humble-minded, meek, lowly, modest
Welsh (Cymraeg) isel [ˈɨ̞sɛl / ˈiːsɛl / ˈɪsɛl] = low, low down, low-lying, low-flying; lower than the average or usual level, running low, shallow (water, lake)
iselaf, iselu = to make low, lower, debase, disparage, subdue
iselder = lowness, meekness, modesty, humility; depth
Iseldiroedd = the Netherlands
Iseldiraidd = Dutch (adj)
Iseldireg = Dutch (language)
isel(-)fryd = humble-minded, meek, lowly, modest
Middle Cornish (CerneweC) isel, yssel, ysel = low, humble, lowly
iseldor = the lowest or deepest part, the bottom
isella = lowest
Cornish (Kernewek) isel [‘izɛl / ‘izɐl] = low, modest, vulgar; soft
Iseldiryek = Dutch (language)
iseldiryek = Dutch (adj)
Iseldiryow = the Netherlands
iselhe = to decrease, lower
iselheans = decrease, lowering
iselella = inferior, lower, lowest
iselweyth = depression
Old Breton isel = low
Middle Breton (Brezonec) jsel, isel = low, humble
izellât, iseléet, izelaat = to lower, go down
izelec, izelleq = modest, poor, humble
Breton (Brezhoneg) izel = low
izelaat = to lower, go down
izelder = baseness, base act
izelegezh = humility, modesty
izelek = modest
izelenn = depression
izelfenn = to imply

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European pedsú, from *pṓds (foot), from *ped- (to walk, step) [source].

Words from the same roots include síos (down, downwards) in Irish, shìos (down, below) in Scottish Gaelic, sheese (below, down, downward) in Manx, is (under, underneath, beneath, below, lower than) in Welsh, a-is (below, lower) in Cornish, is (under, below, inferior) in Breton, foot in English, and pied (foot) in French [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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