Words for grey and related words in Celtic languages.

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Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *ɸlētos = grey
Old Irish (Goídelc) líath [l͈ʲiːa̯θ] = grey, grey-haired
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) líath, liath = grey, grey-haired, aged
Irish (Gaeilge) liath [ˈl̠ʲiə] = grey, grey-haired (person), pale
liathábhar = grey matter
liathach = greyish
liathacht = greyness, greyishness
liathadh = greyness
liathbhán = greyish white, pale, wan
liathbhuí = sallow
liathdhearg = pale red, pinkish
liathghlas = pale green, pale grey
liathghorm = pale blue, blue-grey, livid
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) liath [l̪ʲiə] = grey, grizzled
liath-dhearg = pink
liath-ghlas = light grey, hoary
liath-ghorm = lilac
liathach = greyish, dirty white
liathachadh = making grey, creamer, whitener
liathad = degree of greyness, staleness
liathadh = making grey, becoming grey, greying, growing mouldy
liathtas = greyness
Manx (Gaelg) lheeah = grey, silver, grey- or white-haired, grey-headed, hoary, musty, mould
lheeaghid = greyness
lheeaghys = greyness, hoariness, mustiness
lheeah-ghlass = light grey, sage green
lheeah-ghorrym = blue-grey, glaucous, livid
lheeah gorrym-yiarg = mauve
lheeah-vane = whitish
lheeah-wuigh = yellowish
Proto-Brythonic *luɨd = grey
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) luit, llvid, lluid, lluyd, llwyt = grey, pale, pallid, wan
lwytlas = greyish-blue, pale
Welsh (Cymraeg) llwyd [ˈɬuːɨ̯d / ˈɬʊi̯d] = grey, faint; pale, pallid, wan; russet, brown; turbid, muddy (water); grey-haired, grey-headed, old, ancient; grey (hair), grizzled
llwydaf, llwydo = to turn grey or brown, to become turbid or muddy, turn pale, fade, grow old, deteriorate, decay
llwydaidd = greyish, rather pale, brownish, turbid, drab, poorish, dreary, dismal, lacking enthusism, lukewarm
llwyd-ddu = dark grey, greyish black, blackish, dusky, swarthy, dun
llwydedd = greyness, mouldiness, mould, mildew, mustiness, hoariness, pallor, paleness
llwyd-felyn = greyish-yellow, beige, fawn, pale brown, khaki, buff
llwydlas = greyish-blue, pale
Old Cornish luit, lot = grey, mouldy
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) loys = grey, mouldy
Cornish (Kernewek) loos [lo:z / lu:z] = grey, hoary, mouldy
Old Breton loit = mold, moldy
Middle Breton (Brezonec) loüet = mold, moldy
loedadur = moldy
Breton (Brezhoneg) loued = grey, mouldy
louedadur = mold, blight
louedan, louedañ = to turn grey, mold
louedek = to greyness

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁- (pale). Words from the same roots include fallow, pale, pallid and polio in English, and the names Floyd and Lloyd [source]

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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