Gods and Goddesses

Words for gods, deities & days in Celtic languages.

celts - the horse goddess epona
The Gallo-Roman Horse Goddess Epona

Proto-Celtic *dēwos = god, deity, day
*dēwā = goddess
Gaulish deuognata, teuoxtonio-, dēuos, dēwos, dēvona = god
Celtiberian teiuoreikis, deobriga = god
Old Irish (Goídelc) día [dʲiːa̯] = god
bandía = goddess
díadae, deoda = godly, divine, holy
deacht = godhead
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) día, dea, déa, de, dee = god, goddess, supernatural being, object of worship
deacht, déacht = godhead, divity
díadae, díade, diadu = divine, godly, holy
Irish (Gaeilge) dia [dʲiə] = god, deity
bandia = goddess
diaga = divine, godly, godlike, sacred, holy
diagacht = divinity, godhood, godliness, piety, theology
diagaigh = to deify, apotheosize
diagaire = divine, theologian
diaganta = godly, pious
dia-aithis = blasphemy
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) dia [dʲiə] = god, God
ban-dia = goddess
diadhachd [dʲiə.əxg] = deity, divinity, godhead
diadhaidh [dʲiə.ɪ] = divine, godly, pious
diadhaireachd [dʲiə.ɪjəxg] = godliness
diadhaidheachd [dʲiə.ɛrʲ] = theologian
diadhair [dʲiə.ɛrʲ] = theologian
Manx (Gaelg) jee = god, deity, godhead
ben jee = deity, goddess
jeeoil = divine, godlike, godly
jeeoilys = divinity, theology
jeeoilagh = divine, theologian
jeeaght = deity, divinity
jeeaghteyr = theologian
Proto-Brythonic *duɨw [ˈduɨ̯w] = god
Old Welsh duiu = god
Middle Welsh (Kymreac) duiu, duu, dyu, diu, duw = god
dwyes, dwywes = goddess, noble lady, queen
dywdap, dywdot, duwdab = the divine nature, divinity, theology
dywol, duwiol = godly, devout, religious, pious, good, holy, sanctimonious
Welsh (Cymraeg) duw / Duw [dɨu̯ / dɪu̯] = god, the Supreme Being, the Almighty, the Christian Trinity; O God!
duwies, dwywes, dwyes = goddess, noble lady, queen
duwdeb = the divine nature, divinity, theology
duweiddiad = deification, apotheosis
duweiddiaf, duweiddio = to deify, make a god of, turn into an object of worship
duwgar = loving God, pious, devout
duwiol, duwol = godly, devout, religious, pious, good, holy, sanctimonious
Old Cornish duy = god
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) dew, du, duy = god, God, a divinity
dues = goddess
Cornish (Kernewek) duw [dyˑʊ / diˑʊ] = god
duwes = goddess
duwonieth = theology
duwonydh, duwonydhes = theologian
Duw genes = goodbye (“god with you”)
Old Breton doi = god
Middle Breton doe, doué, dou = god
doueadur = apotheosis, deification
doueañ = to deify
doueadur = apotheosis, deification
doueañ = to deify
doueegezh = divinity, deity
doueek, doeel, doueel = divine
Breton (Brezhoneg) doue [du] = god
doueez =goddess
douead = theist
doueadegezh = deism
doueegezh = divinity
doueel = divine

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god), from *dyew- (sky, heaven) [source]. The Deva rivers in Galicia get their name from the same Proto-Celtic root, and the Latin name for the city of Chester, Deva, possibly comes from the same Celtic root [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, Teanglann.ie, Am Faclair Beag, Fockleyreen: Manx – English Dictionary, Online Manx Dictionary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Lexicon cornu-britannicum : a dictionary of the ancient Celtic language of Cornwall, Gerlyver Kernewek, Devri : Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis

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