Peaks

Words for peaks and tops and related words in Celtic languages.

View from Snowdon

Proto-Celtic *bandā = top, peak; horn
*benno- = peak, top
Gaulish benn/*bannā = peak
Old Irish (Goídelc) benn [bʲen͈] = mountain, crag, peak, point, crest, summit, pinnacle, spire; gable, corner, horn (of animal), drinking horn, prong, crest
bennán = horned animal, cow, calf; horned or peaked object
Irish (Gaeilge) beann = horn, antler; drinking horn; prong (of fork)
beannach = horned, antlered, pronged, peaked, gabled, angular
beannógach = peaked,angular
binn = peak; gable; cliff; corner, edge, margin; lap; side, portion
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) beann [bjaun̪ˠ] = horn, peak, top, corner, skirt
beinn [bein̪ʲ] = mountain, mount, high hill
beinn-theine = volcano
eigh-bheinn = iceberg
Manx (Gaelg) beinn = mountain, ben, summit, pinnacle, apex, tine of deer
beinn rioee = iceberg
Proto-Brythonic *bann = top, peak
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) bann = peak
Welsh (Cymraeg) ban [ban] = top, tip, peak, summit, crest, peak, beacon, height, pinnacle, turret, hill, mountain, bare hill; chief; drinking horn, horn (of animal); arm, branch, beam, point (of cross)
bannau’r byd = corners, quarters or regions of the world, the ends of the earth
ban caer, ban y gaer = rampart of a fort; top or height of a fortess
ban lleuad = quarters of the moon, new moon
Cornish (Kernewek) ban = prominence
Breton (Brezhoneg) bann = rising, uphill, upright, post, column

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *bn̥dʰéh₂ from *bendʰ- (pin, point). The Scots word ben (mountain, hill) comes from the Scottish Gaelic beinn. From Gaulish we get the Catalan words banya (horn) and banyut (horned, unfaithful), and the Occitan bana (horn), and the English word pin comes from the same PIE root [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis

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