Words for white in Celtic languages.

My cousin's overweight dog

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *windos [ˈwin.dos] = white
Gaulish *windos/uindos = white
Old Irish (Goídelc) finn [fʲin͈] = white, bright, blessed
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) finn = white, bright, lustrous, fair, light-hued (complexion, hair, etc), handsome, blessed, fair, just, true
finnaid = make white, becomes white
finne = fairness, brightness
finnemail = whitish
Irish (Gaeilge) fionn [fʲũːn̪ˠ/fʲɨ̞n̪ˠ] = white, fair-haired, blond, bright, clear; to whiten, make white, clear, brighten, scorch, singe, set alight
finne = whiteness, fairness
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) fionn [fjũːn̪ˠ] = white, fair, pale; sincere, true, certain; small; fine, pleasant; wan; lilac; resplendent, bright; prudent
finne [fin̪ʲə] = whiteness, fairness, fair maiden
Manx (Gaelg) fynn = blond(e), fair (hair, skin), pure white, sprite; cataract
fynnid = whiteness
Proto-Brythonic *gwinn [ˈɡwɨnː] = white (m)
*gwenn = white (f)
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) guin(n), gỽynn, gwyn(n) = white (m)
guenn, gwenn = white (f)
gwyn(n)der, gỽynnder = whiteness, pallor
gwyndawd, gwyndawt = felicity, bliss, happiness, success, gain, good
gwynhaa, gwynhau = to whiten, bleach, blanch
Welsh (Cymraeg) gwyn [ɡwɨ̞n / ɡwɪn] = white (m), greyish-white, pale; light, shining, bright; brilliant, white-hot; silver; amber-coloured; fair-haired, fair-faced, of fair complexion; holy, blessed, beatific, good, happy; splendid, excellent, beautiful, fair, pleasant; favourite, darling, white-headed
gwen = white (f)
gwynder = whiteness, pallor, brilliance, brightness, radiance
gwyndod = felicity, bliss, happiness, success, gain, good
gwynhaf, gwynhau = to whiten, bleach, blanch
Old Cornish guyn = white
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) gwyn (m)= white, fair, pleasant, glorious, blessed
gwen = white (f)
gwynna = to make white, whiten
Cornish (Kernewek) gwynn/gwydn [gwɪn:] = white, fair, pale, blessed
gwynnik = whitish
gwynnrudh = pink, whiteish pink
gwynnvys = blessed, fortunate, lucky
Old Breton (Brethonoc) guinn = white, pale
Middle Breton (Brezonec) guen(n) = white, blond
guenna, gwenna = to whiten
guender = whiteness
Breton (Brezhoneg) gwenn [ɡwɛnː] = white, pale, pure, bright, sacred, useless, vain
gwennañ [ˈɡɥɛnː.ã] = to whiten, planing (wood), exonerate
gwennder [ˈɡwɛn.dɛr/ˈɡɥɛn.dɛr] = whiteness
gwennerezh = laundry

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-Etymology *weyd- (to see) [source]. English words from the same roots include advice, clairvoyant, druid, guide, history, idea, wit, wise and wisdom [source].

Proto-Celtic *banos = white
Old Irish (Goídelc) bán [baːn] = white, pure
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) bán = white, fair, bright, pure, holy, blessed, blank
bánad = act of turning pale, the paleness of death
bánaid, bánaigid = turns pale, whitens
Irish (Gaeilge) bán [bˠɑːn̪ˠ / bˠæːn̪ˠ] = white, white-headed, fair, pale, blank, empty, idle, wild crazy
bánach = fair-haired person, white person
bánaí = albino (person)
bánaigh = to whiten, bleach, blanch, dawn, clear out, empty
bánú = whitening, dawning, clearance, dispersal
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) bàn [baːn] = fair(-haired), white (haired); blank, empty, unoccupied, vacant; pallid, pale; fallow
bànachadh [baːnəxəɣ] = (act of) whitening, making pale
bànachd [baːnəxg] = whiteness, paleness
bànaich [baːnɪç] = whiten, make pale, vacate
Manx (Gaelg) bane = white, blank, fair, blond(e), pallid; fallow, unbroken (ground)
banee = albino, pale, white
baneid = whiteness, blankness, paleness, lightness
baneaghey = whiten, whitening
Welsh (Cymraeg) bân [baːn] = white, whitish, grey, pale (borrowed from Irish)

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- (to shine) [source]. Words from the same PIE root include beacon, buoy and phantasm in English [source].

Proto-Celtic *gelos = shining, white
Gaulish *gelā
Old Irish (Goídelc) gel = bright, clear, white
gile = brightness, whiteness
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) gel = fair, white, bright, shining
gelach = moon
gelaid = to make white, bleach, make fair
gelaigid = to brighten, give light to
gelán = brightness, a flash, whiteness
gelcaid = to whiten
geldae = fair, bright
Irish (Gaeilge) geal [ɟalˠ] = white, bright, pure, glad, happy, beloved, fond
gealach [ɟəˈl̪ˠɑx] = moon
gealacht = brightening
gealán = gleam, flash, bright, spell
gealánach = gleaming, flashing, bright
gealas = gleam of light, brightness
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) geal [gʲal̪ˠ] = white, fine
gealach [gʲal̪ˠəx] = moon
gealachd [gʲal̪ˠəxg] = whiteness
gealadh [gʲal̪ˠag] = blight, whitening, fade-in
gealaich [gʲal̪ɪç] = blanch, bleach, whiten
gealaichte [gʲal̪ɪçdʲə] = blanched, bleached, whitened
Manx (Gaelg) gial = bright, clear, white, shining, snowy, light-coloured, fulgent
giallagh = moon
gialan = egg white
giallaghey = to blanch, bleach, brighten, whiten
gillid = brightness, clearness, light, lustre
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) gell = bay, brown, auburn
Welsh (Cymraeg) gell = bay, brown, auburn, orange, yellow, tawny-coloured
Cornish (Kernewek) gell [gɛl:] = fawn, light brown, tan
gellburpur = puce
gellrudh = auburn, russet brown
gellvelyn = tawny brown
Middle Breton (Brezonec) guel(l) = bay, fawn, red
Breton (Brezhoneg) gell [ˈɡɛlː] = bay, brown, ripe, exhausted
gellaat [ɡɛˈlɑːt] = to make or become brown
gellan, gellañ = = to brown, ripen
gelleg = bay colour

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₂os, from *ǵʰelh₂- (to shine) [source]. English words from the same PIE roots include arsenic, gall, gild, gild, gold and yellow [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Lexicon Cornu-britannicum: A Dictionary of the Ancient Celtic Language of Cornwall, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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