Words for elbow in Celtic languages.

Eoin Dillon & Frank Tate

Proto-Celtic *olīnā = elbow, angle, corner
Old Irish (Goídelc) uilen = elbow, forearm; angle, corner
uilnech = angled, cornered, squared-off
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) uilen, uille, uile, uilenn, uillenn = elbow, forearm; angle, corner
uillennach = having angles, angular
uilnech, uillech = having elbows, angles, corners
Irish (Gaeilge) uillinn = elbow, angle
uillinntomhas = protractor
uilleannach = having prominent elbows, elbowing, nudging
uilleach = angular
uilleachas = angularity
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) uileann [ulən̪ˠ] = elbow, angle
ceart-uileann = right angle
uileann tilgidh = trajectory
Manx (Gaelg) uillin = elbow, elbow joint, crook, angle, corner, nudge
uilliney = elbow
uillinaghey = to elbow, jostle
Old Welsh elin = elbow, forearm
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) elin, elyn = elbow, forearm
elin(i)oc = elbow-shaped, angular
penn y elined, penn (yr) elin = elbow, bend
Welsh (Cymraeg) elin [ˈɛlɪn / ˈeːlɪn] = elbow, forearm; angle, bend
elinaf, elino = to elbow, jostle, project, jut out
elin(i)og = elbow-shaped, angular, having arms (of chair)
penelin, pen elin = elbow, bend, projection, corner
Middle Cornish (CerneweC) elin, elyn = angle, elbow
Cornish (Kernewek) elin [‘ɛlɪn] = elbow, angle
elin pedrek = right angle
Middle Breton (Brezonec) elin, ilin = elbow, bend
elinar, elinat, ilinad = bent, angled
Breton (Brezhoneg) ilin [ˈiːlin] = elbow, bend
ilinad = bent, angled
ilinañ = to lean
ilinata = to elbow, jostle
ilinañ = to lean
iliner = armrest
ilinwisk = elbow pad/brace/support

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *Heh₃l- (to bend). Cognate with the Latin ulna (elbow, arm), and the English elbow and ulna (one of the bones in the forearm, a.k.a. elbow bone) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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