Silver & Money

Words for silver, money and related things in Celtic languages.

Silver Coins From a Hoard

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Proto-Celtic *argantom = silver
Gaulish arangto- / *argantom = silver
Celtiberian arkanta / arkato- = silver
Old Irish (Goídelc) argat [ˈarɡad] = silver, money
airgdide = silver
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) argat = silver, currency, money
airgdide = (made of ) silver
airgetlach = mine
Irish (Gaeilge) airgead [ˈaɾʲɪɟəd̪ˠ / ˈæɾʲɪɟəd̪ˠ] = silver, money, sum of money
airgeadaí = financier
airgeadaigh = to silver, electroplate
airgeadaíocht = monetary policy, management
airgeadas = finance
airgeadóir = cashier, (bank) teller
airgeadra = currency
airgeadúil = silvery, financial, moneyed, profitable
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) airgead [ɛrʲɛgʲəd] = money, silver, cash, currency
airgead-beò = mercury (Me), quicksilver
airgead-làimhe = cash
airgead-urrais = insurance
airgeadach [ɛrʲɛgʲədəx] = silver(y), well-off, moneyed, lucrative
airgeadachadh = silvering, silverplating, monetizing
airgeadaichte [ɛrʲɛgədɪçdʲə] = silvered
airgeadas [ɛrʲɛgʲədəs] = finance
airgeadra [ɛrʲɛgʲədrə] = currency
Manx (Gaelg) argid = money, silver, coinage, wages, finance, exchequer
argidagh = fiscal, moneyed, financier, (the) rich, silver(ed)
argidaghey = silver, silver plate
argid-roie, argid cadjin = currency
argideyr = cashier, financier, teller
argidoil = financial, monetary
argidys = finance
Proto-Brythonic *arɣant [arˈɣant] = silver, money
Old Welsh (Kembraec) argant = silver
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) aryant, ariant, arian = silver
arandûy, ariandy = bank
arianllais = (having) a clear or melodious voice or sound
arianna, aryanna = to collect or accumulate money, beg for (money)
ariannu = to give money to, fund, finance
aryanheyt, areanneit, aryaneit = silvered, silver-plated, make of silver, silvery, wealthy, rich, moneyed
ariannog = wealthy, rich, moneyed, silver(y)
Welsh (Cymraeg) arian [ˈarjan] = silver, silvery; silver vessel; money, coin(s), coinage, currency, wealth
arianllais = (having) a clear or melodious voice or sound
arianna = to collect or accumulate money, beg for (money)
ariannaf, ariannu = to give money to, fund, finance, silver, inlay, plate
ariannaid = silvered, silver-plated, make of silver, silvery, wealthy, rich, moneyed
arianneg = financial management, finance
Ariannin = Argentinia, Argentinian
ariannog = wealthy, rich, moneyed, silver(y)
ariannwr, ariannydd = cashier, financier, banker, sponsor
Old Cornish argan, arʒant, argans = silver
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) archans, arhans, arrans = silver
Cornish (Kernewek) arghans [‘arhans / ‘ærhɐnz] = money, silver
arghans bew/byw = quicksilver
arghansek = financial, silvery
arghanser, arghansores = banker
arghans-gweres = subsidy
arghanti = bank
Arghantina = Argentina
Old Breton (Brethonoc) argant = silver
Middle Breton (Brezonec) archant = silver
Breton (Brezhoneg) arc’hant [ˈar.ɣãnt] = silver, money
arc’hantadur = silvering
arc’hantaj = silverware
arc’hantan, arc’hantañ = to silver, realize (in money), capitalize, sponsor, convert
arc’hantek = silver (adj)
arc’hanter = silverer
arc’hantiri = silverware
arc’hantus = money-producing, lucrative, capitalizable

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥tom (silver), from *h₂erǵ- (white, glittering) [source]. Words from the same PIE root include Argentina and argentous (of, pertaining to or containing silver) in English, արծաթ (arcatʿ – silver) in Armenian, argento (silver) in Italian, argent (silver, money, cash) in French [source].

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Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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