Words for a hundred and related things in Celtic languages:


Proto-Celtic *kantom = hundred
*kantometos = hundredth
Gaulish *canta = hundred
Old Irish (Goídelc) cét [kʲeːd] = hundred, a hundred people/warriors, troops, battalions
cétmad [ˈkʲeːdṽað] = hundredth
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) ced, céit, cét = hundred, a hundred people/warriors, troops, battalions
cétach, cetach = hundredfold, possossing a hundred
cétmad = hundredth
Irish (Gaeilge) céad [ciːa̯d̪ˠ/ceːd̪ˠ] = hundred, century, hundredweight, great, long
céadach = hundredfold, great, immense
céadú = hundredth
céadchosach = centipede
céad míle fáilte = a hundred thousand welcomes
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) ceud [kʲiəd] = hundred
ceudamh [kʲiadəv] (100ᵐʰ) = hundredth 100ᵗʰ)
ceudad [kʲiədəd] = percent, percentage
ceud mìle fàilte = a hundred thousand welcomes
ceudameatair = centimetre
ceudamhail [kʲiədəval] = percentile
ceud-chasach = centipede
ceudach [kʲiədəx] = hundredfold
Manx (Gaelg) keead [kiːəd] = hundred, century
keeadoo = hundredth
keead blein = centenary
keead filley = hundredfold
keead liauyr/mooar = long hundred
keead-choshagh = centipede
Proto-Brythonic *kant [kant] = hundred
Old Welsh cant = hundred
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) cant, can = hundred
canvet, canuet, kannvet, canved = hundredth
cantref, cantrew, cantreuyt = hundred, cantred, province, district
Welsh (Cymraeg) cant, can [kant/kan] = hundred, a host, hundredweight, percentage; century
canfed (100fed) = hundredth (100th), centesimal, century
canrif = century
cantref = hundred, cantred, province, district
cantro = a hundred times, many times, twisted many times
cantroed = centipede, a hundred feet
cantwll = a hundred holes, riddled with holes
hanner cant = fifty
cant a mil = a hundred and one, a large number
can diolch = many thanks
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) cans = hundred
canquyth, canswyth = a hundred times
Cornish (Kernewek) kans = hundred
kansves = hundredth
kansbledhen = century
kanskradh = centigrade
kanskweyth = a hundred times
kansplek = hundredfold
kansran = percent(age)
Old Breton cant = hundred
Middle Breton (Brezonec) cant, cantt, can, chant = hundred, 100 pounds (lb)
canuet, cantvet, cantved = hundredth
cantved = century
candad, cantad = around hundred
cant(-)doubl = centuple
cantenier, candener, candenyer = centurion
Breton (Brezhoneg) kant [kãn(t)] = hundred
kantvet [ˈkã] = hundredth
kantved [ˈkã] = century
kantad [ˈkãn.tat] = around hundred

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm (hundred) [source].

Words from the same roots include hundred, century, centigrade, hecatontome (a very large number of books) and hecatologue (a code of 100 rules) in English, and words related to hundred in other Indo-European languages [source].

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

One thought on “Hundred

  1. A very small correction, Simon : in Manx (Gaelg), ‘centipede’ is keead-choshagh (three h’s in the second element).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *