Streams and Currents

Words for streams and currents in Celtic languages.

Cwm Idwal

Proto-Celtic *srutom = stream, river; flow, current
Old Irish (Goídelc) sruth [sruθ] = stream, river, current; strait
Irish (Gaeilge) sruth [sˠɾˠʊ(h)] = stream, current, flow
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) sruth [sdruh] = stream, current
Manx (Gaelg) stroo [struː] = current, stream, race, watercourse, tide-race, tidal flow
Proto-Brythonic *frud = stream, river; flow, current
Welsh (Cymraeg) ffrwd [fruːd] = swift stream, torrent, flood, current
Old Cornish frot = stream
Breton (Brezhoneg) froud = current, waterfall, torrent

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow, stream) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, teanglann.ie, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Dictionnaire Favereau

Proto-Celtic *nantos / nantus = stream, valley
Proto-Brythonic *nant [ˈnant] = stream, river, valley
Gaulish *nanto = valley
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) nant [ˈnant] = river, stream, brook
Welsh (Cymraeg) nant [ˈnant] = river, stream, brook, rivulet; torrent, ditch, valley, glen, dale; ravine, gorge
Old Cornish nans = stream
Cornish (Kernewek) nans [nans / nænz] = dale, valley
Middle Breton nant = valley
Breton (Brezhoneg) ant = furrow, groove

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *nm̥-tu or *nem- (to bend) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionnaire Favereau

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