Words for roads in Celtic languages.
|Proto-Celtic||*bow-itros = road (“cow path”)|
|Old Irish (Goídelc)||bóthar = road, way, manner, stream|
|Irish (Gaeilge)||bóthar [ˈbˠoːhəɾˠ / ˈbˠoːɾˠ / ˈbˠɔhəɾˠ] = road, way, manner|
|Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)||bòthar [boː.ər] = alley, lane, road, street|
|Manx (Gaelg)||bayr = lane, road, roadway, pad, drive, avenue|
|Welsh (Cymraeg)||beidr = lane, track|
|Cornish (Kernewek)||bownder [‘bɔʊndɛr / ‘bɔʊndɐr] = lane|
Words marked with a * are reconstructions.
|Old Irish (Goídelc)||rót [r͈oːd] = road, highway|
|Irish (Gaeilge)||ród [ɾˠoːd̪ˠ / ɾˠɔːd̪ˠ] = road, roadstead, route, anchorage, mooring|
|Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)||rathad [r̪ˠa.ad] = road, way, route, path, track|
|Manx (Gaelg)||raad [reːd̪ / raːd̪] = road, track, route, direction, roadway, trail, way; vent, vent-hole|
|Welsh (Cymraeg)||rhawd = course, way, path, journey, career, period|
|Breton (Brezhoneg)||roud = route, trace, itinerary|
Etymology: probably from the Old English rad (journey, ride
raid, expedition) [source], from the Proto-Germanic *raidō (ride, journey), from the Proto-Indo-European *reydʰ- (ride), which is also the root of the English words road and raid [source].
|Proto-Brythonic||forð [forð] = road, path, way, mannerh|
|Middle Welsh (Kymraec)||ford, fort, forth = road, way, street, path|
|Welsh (Cymraeg)||ffordd = road, way, street, path, passage, course, route, journey|
|Old Cornish||ford = way, road, manner|
|Cornish (Kernewek)||fordh [fɔrð] = way, road, manner|
Etymology: from the Old English ford (ford) [source], from the Proto-West Germanic *furdu (ford), from Proto-Germanic *furduz (ford), from the Proto-Indo-European *pr̥téw-/*pértus (crossing) [source]. Words for ford in the Brythonic languages come from the same PIE root.
Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic