Words for ford in Celtic languages.


Proto-Celtic *yātus = ford
Old Irish (Goídelc) áth = ford
Irish (Gaeilge) áth = ford; spawning bed (in river); opening
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) àth [aːh] = ford
Manx (Gaelg) aah = ford, drift

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *yeh₂- (to ride, travel) [source].

Proto-Celtic *ɸritus = ford
Gaulish ritu = ford
Irish (Gaeilge) rith = ford
Proto-Brythonic *ritum, *rrɨd = ford
Old Welsh rit = ford
MIddle Welsh (Kymraec) ryd, ryt = ford
Welsh (Cymraeg) rhyd = ford, strait
Old Cornish rid = ford
Cornish (Kernewek) rys [rɪ:z] / res [re:z] = ford
Old Breton rit = ford
Breton (Brezhoneg) red = ford

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *pértus/*pr̥téw- (crossing) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionnaire Favereau

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