Tracks & Paths

Words for tracks & paths in Celtic languages.

Bluebell woods / Coed Clychau'r Gog

Old Irish (Goídelc) casán / cosán = path, footpath
Irish (Gaeilge) cosán [kəˈsˠɑːn̪ˠ / ˈkɔsˠɑːnˠ / ˈkɑsˠɑnˠ] = path, footway, track; way, passage; direction
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) casan [kasan] = path, supporting beam, treadle, wattle
Manx (Gaelg) cassan = path, trajectory, passage, sidewalk, thoroughfare

Etymology: from the Old Irish cos (foot) & -án [source].

Proto-Celtic *slixtus = track, section
Old Irish (Goídelc) slicht [sʲl͈ʲixt] = path, trace, track, trail, section, offspring
Irish (Gaeilge) sliocht = mark, trace, track; offspring, line, progeny, posterity; passage, tract, extract
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) sliochd [ʃlixg] = descendants, offspring, increase, progeny, succession, lineage
Manx (Gaelg) sliught = line, issue, spawn
Welsh (Cymraeg) llywbr = path, footpath, beaten track, unmade pathway; footprints, tracks, trail; course, direction, orbit; method, manner, mode
Old Irish (Goídelc) slighe [sʲl͈ʲixt] = path, trace, track, trail, section, offspring
Irish (Gaeilge) slí = way, road, track; route, passage; course, direction; distrance, journey; means, method
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) slighe [ʃLʲi.ə] = path, track, trail, way; course, passage, route
Manx (Gaelg) sleayd (?) = trail, dredge, sledge, toboggan, trailer
Proto-Celtic *sentus = path, way
Old Irish (Goídelc) sét [sʲl͈ʲixt] = path, trace, track, trail, section, offspring
Irish (Gaeilge) séad = path, way; course, journey
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) séad = way, road
Proto-Brythonic *hɨnt [hɨnt] = path, way
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) hint, hynt = way, path, course
Welsh (Cymraeg) hynt [hɨ̞nt / hɪnt] = way, path, course, journey, march; career, expedition, campaign, venture; affair; fate, condition, state; mood, freak, whim
Middle Cornish hyns [hɪns] = course, path, road, way
Cornish (Kernewek) hens [hɛnz] = course, path, road, way
Old Breton hint = path, road
Middle Breton hent = path, road
Breton (Brezhoneg) hent [hɛ̃nd] = path, road

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *sent- (to head for, go, travel) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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