Words for badger in Celtic languages.

Badgers, Dinefwr Park, Llandeilo

Proto-Celtic *brokkos = badger
Gaulish *broco / *brokkos = badger
Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚑᚉᚔ (broci) = badger (genitive)
Old Irish (Goídelc) brocc [brok] = badger
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) brocc, broc = badger, brock
broclas = brock-holes
brocnait = she-badger
broic(th)enach = badger-warren, haunt of badgers
Irish (Gaeilge) broc [bˠɾˠɔk / bˠɾˠʌk] = badger, dirty-faced person, short thick-set person
brocach = badger’s burrow, fox’s earth
brocaire = terrier
brocaireacht = (act of) badger-baiting
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) broc [brɔxg] = badger, brock, grumpy/surly person
brocair [brɔxgɛrʲ] = badger/fox hunter
broc-lann [brɔxgl̪ˠən̪ˠ] = badger’s den/sett
broclach = (badger / fox) warren, messy area, rubbish, messy person
brocach [brɔxgəx] = badger-like, pertaining to or abounding in badgers, black-faced, stinking, squalid, filthy, odious
brocail [brɔxgal] = badger-like, pertaining to badgers
Manx (Gaelg) broc(k) = badger
brockagh = badger’s den
Proto-Brythonic *brox = badger
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) broch = badger, brock
brochwart = badger ward, keeper of a badger
Welsh (Cymraeg) broch [broːχ] = badger, brock
brochwart = badger ward, keeper of a badger
Old Cornish broch = badger
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) broch, bróch = badger
Cornish (Kernewek) brogh [bɹoːx] = badger
broghki = dachsund
Middle Breton (Brezonec) broch, broh, broc’h = badger
Breton (Brezhoneg) broc’h [ˈbʁoːx] = badger
broc’heta = to hunt badgers

Etymology: unknown, possibly cognate with Old High German braccho (sniffer dog). Words from the same Celtic roots include brochure, brooch and brock (male badger – northern England) in English, brock (badger) in Scott, broche (brooch, spit, spike, peg, pin) in French, brocco (thorn, stick) in Italian, and broco (having long projecting horns; bad-tempered) in Galician [Source].

Proto-Celtic *taskos = badger
Gaulish *tasgos = badger
Galatian τασκός (taksos) = badger

Etymology: unknown [Source].

Welsh (Cymraeg) mochyn daear / daearfochyn = badger

Etymology: from the Welsh mochyn (pig) and daear (earth, ground) [Source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Here’s a tune I wrote in 2017 called The Unexpected Badger / Y Mochyn Daear Annisgwyl

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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