Words for butter and related words in Celtic languages.


Proto-Celtic *emban = butter
Old Irish (Goídelc) imb/imm [imʲbʲ] = butter
Irish (Gaeilge) im [aimʲ / iːmʲ / ɪmʲ] = butter
saill ime = butterfat
uachtar ime = buttercream
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) ìm [iːm] = butter
imeach [iməx] = buttery, producing butter
Manx (Gaelg) eeym = butter
eeymagh = buttery
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) ymenyn = butter
Welsh (Cymraeg) (y)menyn [əˈmɛnɨ̞n / əˈmeːnɪn] = butter, curds
blodyn menyn = buttercup
(y)menyneiddiwch = butteriness
(y)menynaidd = buttery
Old Cornish amanen = butter
Cornish (Kernewek) (a)manyn = butter
Middle Breton amanen = butter
Breton (Brezhoneg) amann [ã.ˈmãnː] = butter
amanennañ [ã.ˈmãnː] = to butter
amanenner [ã.ˈmãnː] = butter dish
kouign-amann = kouign-amann (a traditional Breton butter cake)

Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *h₃engʷen- (fat, butter), from *h₃engʷ- (to smear, anoint) [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary, Teanglann.ie, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis

5 thoughts on “Butter

  1. In the Manx (Gaelg) section, I think that caasheydagh has been carried over from last time. How about replacing it with eeymagh ‘buttery’?

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