Passes, Ways & Gaps

Words for pass, way and track in Celtic languages.

Proto-Celtic *bolko- / *bolno = opening
Old Irish (Goídelc) belach [r͈oːd] = gap, pass, road, path
Irish (Gaeilge) bealach [bʲəˈl̪ˠɑx / ˈbʲalˠəx / ˈbʲalˠa(h)] = way, road, track, pass, passage, sound
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) bealach [bjaɫ̪əx] = (mountain) pass, access, detour, breach, gap, opening, inlet, gangway, tract, gateway
Manx (Gaelg) bollagh = way, route, road, lane
Welsh (Cymraeg) bwlch [bʊlχ] = breach, gap, notch, jag, break, flaw, rent, defect, want, loss; distress, crisis, predicament; opportunity; pass, defile, passage; trough between waves; battlement, embrasure, tower, turret
Cornish (Kernewek) bolgh = breach, gap, opening
Breton (Brezhoneg) boulc’h = road; opening, breakthrough; niche, slot

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, MacBain’s Dictionary,, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Preder

Bwlch Llanberis

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