Words for nut and related words in Celtic languages.


Proto-Celtic *knūs / *knuwjā- = nut
Old Irish (Goídelc) cnú [knuː] = nut
cnú frangcach = walnut
Irish (Gaeilge) cnó = nut
cnó capaill = horse-chestnut
cnó cócó = coconut
cnó coill/gealach = hazelnut
cnó francach/gallda = walnut
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) cnò [krɔ̃ː] = nut; vesicle, gas bladder (on seaweed)
cnò-almoin = almond
cnò challtainn = hazelnut
cnò-chòco = coconut
cnò Fhrangach = walnut
cnò-gheanmnaidh = chestnut
cnò-thalmhainn = groundnut, peanut
Manx (Gaelg) cro = nut, gall
cro almon/Greagagh = almond
cro coull = hazelnut
cro bainney = coconut
cro teayst = doughnut
cro thallooin = peanut, groundnut, monkey nut
Proto-Brythonic *know = nut
Welsh (Cymraeg) cnau [knaɨ̯/knai̯] = nuts
cneuen = nut
cnau almond = almongs
cnau barfog = hazelnuts, chestnuts
cnau ceffylau = horse-chestnuts
cnau coco = coconuts
cnau Ffrengig = walnutes
Cornish (Kernewek) know [knoʊ] = nuts
knowen, knofen = nut
know dor = peanuts
know Frenk/Frynk = walnuts
know koko = coconuts
know koll = hazelnuts
know toos = doughnuts
Old Breton cnou = nut
Breton (Brezhoneg) kraoñ [kʁɔ̃] = nuts, walnuts
kraonenn = nut
kraoñ-kelvez = hazelnuts
kraoñ-kokoz = coconuts

Etymology: possibly from the Pre-Celtic *knuHs. Cognate with the Proto-Germanic *hnuts (nut) and the Latin nux (nut, nut tree, almond tree), which come from the from Proto-Indo-European *knew- [source].

Words marked with a * are reconstructions.

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis

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