Words for donkey (Equus asinus) and related beasts in Celtic languages.

The Donkey Sanctuary

Old Irish (Goídelc) asal = ass, she-ass
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) asal, assal = ass, she-ass
asan, assan = ass
Irish (Gaeilge) asal [ˈasˠəlˠ] = ass, donkey
láir asail = she-ass
searrach asail = donkey foal
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) asal [asal̪ˠ]= ass, donkey
aiseal [aʃəl̪ˠ] = ass, donkey
asan [asan] = ass, donkey
asalach = asinine
asal-stiallach = zebra
leth-asal = mule
Manx (Gaelg) assyl = ass, donkey
assylagh = asinine
laair assyl = female donkey, jenny, she-ass
sharragh assyl = donkey foal
lieh-assyl, cabbyl assylagh = mule
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) asin, assyn = (male) donkey / (he-)ass
assenn, assen = donkey, ass; female donkey, she-ass, jenny
asennic = little/young (female) donkey
Welsh (Cymraeg) asyn [ˈasɨ̞n / ˈasɪn] = (male) donkey / (he-)ass, an absurd or stubborn person
asyneiddiwch = asininity, mulishness, stupidity, obstinacy
asynnaidd = asininie, mulish, stupid, obstinate
asynnyn = little/young donkey
asen [ˈasɛn] = donkey, ass; female donkey, she-ass, jenny
asennig = little/young (female) donkey
asennyn = young/little ass
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) asen = ass, donkey
Cornish (Kernewek) asen = ass, donkey
asenik = ass foal
Middle Breton (Brezonec) azen, asenn, asen = donkey, ignorant man
azenaat = to become ignorant
azenañ, asénna = to give birth, farrowing (donkey)
azener = donkey-driver
azenerezh = stupid/idiotic comment, stupidity
azenez = she-ass
azenig = baby/little donkey
Breton (Brezhoneg) azen = donkey
azenañ = to give birth, farrowing (donkey)

Etymology: the Brythonic words come from the Latin asina from asinus (donkey, ass), which is of unknown origin [source]. The Goidelic words come from the same root via the Latin asellus (young ass, donkey) [source].

The English word ass (donkey) was borrowed from an old Brythonic language, via the Middle English asse (ass, donkey) and the Old English assa and assen (she-ass) [source].

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