Cowherd, boy, child

Words for cowherd, boy, child and related people in Celtic languages.

Cowherd 1

Proto-Celtic *boukolyos = cowherd
Old Irish (Goídelc) búachaill [ˈbuːa̯xil͈ʲ] = cowherd, herder, herdsman
Irish (Gaeilge) buachaill [ˈbˠuəxɪlʲ] = boy, young unmarried; herdboy, herdsman; man-servant, male employee; lad
buachailleacht = herding (cattle)
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) buachaille, buachaill [buəçɪl̪ʲ(ə)] = herder, herdsman, cowherd, shepherd, youth
buachailleachd [buəxɪl̪ʲəxg] = herding, watching cattle, invigilation
buachailleadh [buəxɪl̪ʲəɣ] = to herd, watch cattle
buachailleach [buəxɪl̪ʲəx] = pastoral
Manx (Gaelg) bochilley = shepherd, herdsman
bochillagh = herd, pastoral
bochillaghey = to herd
bochillaght = drove, herd, look after, shepherd, pastoral
Proto-Brythonic *bʉgöl [bʉˈɡøːl] = herdsman
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) blucelid, bukeyl, bugeil = herdsman, shepherd
Welsh (Cymraeg) bugail [ˈbɪɡai̯l / ˈbiːɡai̯l] = herdsman, shepherd, guardian, keeper, leader, defender; bishop, priest, pastor, minister
bugeil(i)aeth = pastoral care, shepherd’s watch, pastorate, ministry
bugeilio = to shepherd, tend cattle, watch, keep guard, act as a pastor, minister
bugeil(i)aidd = pastoral, pertaining to a shepherd, shepherdly, ministerial
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) bugel, begel, bigel, bygel = herdsman, shepherd, pastor
Cornish (Kernewek) bugel = pastor, shepherd
bugeles = pastor, shepherd(ess)
bugelya = to herd
Middle Breton bugel, buguel, bugale = child, shepherd
bugelek = childlike, childish
bugelel = infantile
bugelez = shepherdess, herdswoman
bugeliañ = to keep, guard (animals)
Breton (Brezhoneg) bugel = child

From the Proto-Indo-European gʷowkólos, from *gʷṓws (cow) and *kʷel- (to revolve, move around, sojourn) [source]. English words from the same roots include beef, bovine, bucolic, buffalo, butter and cow [source].

Here’s the Irish song Buachaill On Eirne (Boy from the Erne):

Here’s the Irish folk song Na Buachaillí Álainn (The Beautiful Lads):

Both songs are sung by Clannad, whose name comes from the same roots as the words below, and who get me interested in learn Irish songs and language.

Old Irish (Goídelc) cland [klan͈d] = children, family, offspring, plant
clannmar [ˈklan͈ṽar] = prolific
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) clann = plant, planting, off-shoot, produce, children, family, offspring, descendents, race, clan
clannach = having many children, prolific, fruitful, productive, abundant
Irish (Gaeilge) clann [kl̪ˠɑun̪ˠ/kl̪ˠɑːn̪ˠ/kl̪ˠan̪ˠ] = children, offspring, race, descendents, clan, followers, plant, lock (of hair)
clannach = having many children, prolific, luxuriant
clannaigh = to plant, procreate, luxuriate
clannú = procreation
planda [pl̪ˠaun̪ˠd̪ˠə] = plant, scion
plandaigh = to plant
plandáil = plantation
plandóg = shapely, comely woman; young plant
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) clann [kl̪ˠaun̪ˠ] = children, offspring, progeny, clan, lock of hair, curl
clannail [kl̪ˠan̪ˠal] = fruitful, prolific, abounding in locks, curls, curly, shining, sleek, luxurious
clanmhor [kl̪ˠãũn̪ˠvər] = fruitful, prolific
plannt [pl̪ˠãũn̪ˠd] = plant
Manx (Gaelg) cloan [klɔːn] = children, descendent, family circle
plant = plant
plantal = to plant
Old Welsh plant = children, young people, offspring
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) plant = children, young people, offspring
Welsh (Cymraeg) plant [plant] = children, young people, offspring, progeny, descendents, followers, disciples, servants
plentyn = child, young person, etc
panta(f) = to beget or bear (children), procreate, breed
plantaidd = childlike, innocent
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) plans = plant
plansa = to plant
Cornish (Kernewek) plans = plant
plansa = to plant, stick
Middle Breton plantenn, planten, plantenn = plant, beautiful woman
plantenniñ = to take root, to layer
planter = planter
planterez = planting
Breton (Brezhoneg) plantenn = plant

Etymology: from the Latin planta (vegetable, sprout, shoot, twig, shrub), possibly from the Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (flat) [source]. English words from the same roots include clan (via Irish and/or Scottish Gaelic) and plant (via Middle and Old English) [source].

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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