Words for to stand in Celtic languages.
|Proto-Celtic||*sista- = to stand|
|Celtiberian||sistat = to stand|
|Old Irish (Gaídelc)||sessam = standing (by/fast), defending, standing resisting, holding out, making a stand|
|Irish (Gaeilge)||seas [ʃasˠ] = to stand, stop, stay, last, keep, remain valid, bear, endure, resist, withstand, stand up for, defend|
|Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)||seas [ʃes] = to stand, maintain, support, defend, continue, endure, stop, stand by|
|Manx (Gaelg)||shass [ʃas] = to stand|
|Proto-Brythonic||*stab- = to stand|
|Welsh (Cymraeg)||sefyll [ˈsɛvɨ̞ɬ / ˈseːvɪɬ] = to stand, be standing or upright, be or remain on one’s feet; stand (up), get up; stand or tread (on); to be located, lie; to come to a halt, stand still, stop, come to end, cease, fail|
|Cornish (Kernewek)||sevel [‘sɛvɛl / ‘zɛvɐl] = to stand, arise, get up, rise, halt, raise up, abstain from|
|Breton (Brezhoneg)||sevel = to rise, lift, remove, draw, build, train, compose, sell, invent, push, repay|
Note: the Brythonic words may not come from the same root as the Goidelic words.
Etymology: from the Proto-Indo-European *stísteh₂ti (to be standing up, be getting up), from *steh₂- (to stand) [source].
The sist part of exist, resist, desist, consist, etc comes from the same root, via the Latin sisto (I stand, set, place, appear) [source]