Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz tili / Кыргыз тили / قىرعىز تىلى)

Kyrgyz is a member of the Kipchak branch of the Turkic language family. It is spoken by about 5.1 million people, mainly in Kyrgyzstan, and also in Uzbekistan, China, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and a number of other countires. In 2018 there were 4.5 million speakers of Kyrgyz in Kyrgyzstan. There are about 282,000 Kyrgyz speakers in Uzbekistan, 160,000 in China, 80,300 in the Russian Federation, 71,400 in Tajikistan, and 17,200 in Kazakhstan.

Kyrgyz is statutory national language of Kyrgyzstan, and is used in schools, newspapers and on radio and television. In China Kyrgyz is spoken mailny in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, espcially in Kizilsu Kyrgyz Autonomous Prefecture, where it is an official language. In Uzbektistan there are Kyrgyz speakers in the Andijon, Farg'ona and Namangan regions.

Written Kyrgyz

Kyrgyz was written a version of the the Perso-Arabic script until 1928, then with the Latin alphabet from 1928 and 1940, and with with the Cyrillic alphabet from 1940 onwards, though some people, especially in China, still use the Perso-Arabic script. After Kyrghyzstan became independent in 1991 there was a plan to re-introduce the Latin alphabet, but it has yet to be implemented.

Arabic alphabet for Kyrghyz (قىرعىز الفاۋىتى)

Arabic alphabet for Kyrghyz

Latin alphabet for Kyrghyz (1928-1938)

Latin alphabet for Kyrghyz

Cyrillic alphabet for Kyrghyz (кыргыз алфавити)

Cyrillic alphabet for Kyrghyz

Hear how to pronounce the Kyrgyz alphabet:

Notes

Download alphabet charts for Kyrgyz (Excel)

Sample text in Kyrghyz

Arabic alphabet

باردىق ادامدار ۅز بەدەلىندە جانا ۇقۇقتارىندا ەركىن جانا تەڭ ۇقۇقتۇۇ بولۇپ جارالات.۔ الاردىن اڭ-سەزىمى مەنەن ابئيىرى بار جانا بئرى-بئرىنە بئر تۇۇعاندىق مامئلە قىلۇۇعا تئيىش.

Cyrillic alphabet

Бардык адамдар өз беделинде жана укуктарында эркин жана тең укуктуу болуп жаралат. Алардын аң- сезими менен абийири бар жана бири-бирине бир туугандык мамиле кылууга тийиш.

Transliteration

Bardık adamdar öz bedelinde jana ukuktarında érkin jana teñ ukuktuu bolup jaralat. Alardın añ-sezimi menen abiyiri bar jana biri-birine bir tuugandık mamile kıluuga tiyiş.

Hear a recording of the text by Zhanyl Alymkul Kyzy (recorded by Moshe Ash)

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Kyrgyz

Information about Kyrgyz | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Kyrgyz books

Links

Information about the Kyrgyz language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrgyz_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrgyz_alphabets
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kir

Online Kyrgyz courses
https://www.livelingua.com/courses/Kyrgyz/
https://www.livelingua.com/project/peace-corps/Kyrgyz

Kyrgyz Cyrillic - Arabic - Latin converter
http://www.transliteration.kpr.eu/ky/

Kyrgyz phrases
http://wikitravel.org/en/Kyrgyz_phrasebook
https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Kyrgyz_phrasebook

Kyrgyz dictionaries
https://www.lexilogos.com/english/kyrgyz_dictionary.htm
http://pauctle.com/kgtr
http://tamgasoft.kg/dict/
http://tili.kg/dict/

Online Kyrghyz news and radio
http://www.azattyk.org

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)

Languages written with the Arabic script

Adamaua Fulfulde, Afrikaans, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Bedawi), Arabic (Chadian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Gulf), Arabic (Hassaniya), Arabic (Hejazi), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Libyan), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Najdi), Arabic (Syrian), Arabic (Tunisian), Arwi, Äynu, Azeri, Balanta-Ganja, Balti, Baluchi, Beja, Belarusian, Bosnian, Brahui, Chagatai, Chechen, Chittagonian, Comorian, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dari, Dhatki, Dogri, Domari, Gawar Bati, Gilaki, Hausa, Hazaragi, Indus Kohistani, Kabyle, Kalkoti, Karakalpak, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Khowar, Khorasani Turkic, Konkani, Kumzari, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgi, Luri, Maguindanao, Malay, Malay (Terengganu), Mandinka, Marwari, Mazandarani, Mogholi, Morisco, Mozarabic, Munji, Nubi, Ormuri, Palula, Parkari Koli, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Qashqai, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Salar, Saraiki, Sawi, Serer, Shabaki, Shina, Shughni, Sindhi, Somali, Tatar, Tausūg, Tawallammat Tamajaq, Tayart Tamajeq, Torwali, Turkish, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Wakhi, Wanetsi, Wolof, Xiao'erjing, Yidgha

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Page last modified: 19.06.22

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