Kyrgyz is a member of the Kipchak branch of the Turkic language family. It is spoken mainly in Kyrgyzstan, and also in China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkey. In 2014 there were 4.1 million speakers of Kyrgyz in Kyrgyzstan. There are 160,000 Kyrgyz speakers in China in the year 2000, and there were 60,000 speakers of Kyrgyz in Tajikstan in 2012.
Kyrgyz is statutory national language of Kyrgyzstan, and is used in schools, newspapers and on radio and television. In China Kyrgyz is spoken mailny in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, espcially in Kizilsu Kyrgyz Autonomous Prefecture, where it is an official language. In Afghanistan Kyrgyz is spoken mainly in the Great Pamir and Little Pamir valleys in Badakhshan province in the northeast of the country.
Kyrgyz was written a version of the the Perso-Arabic script until 1928, then with the Latin alphabet from 1928 and 1940, and with with the Cyrillic alphabet from 1940 onwards, though some people, especially in China, still use the Perso-Arabic script. After Kyrghyzstan became independent in 1991 there was a plan to re-introduce the Latin alphabet, but it has yet to be implemented.
باردىق ادامدار ۅز بەدەلىندە جانا ۇقۇقتارىندا ەركىن جانا تەڭ ۇقۇقتۇۇ بولۇپ جارالات.۔ الاردىن اڭ-سەزىمى مەنەن ابئيىرى بار جانا بئرى-بئرىنە بئر تۇۇعاندىق مامئلە قىلۇۇعا تئيىش.
Бардык адамдар өз беделинде жана укуктарында эркин жана тең укуктуу болуп жаралат. Алардын аң- сезими менен абийири бар жана бири-бирине бир туугандык мамиле кылууга тийиш.
Bardık adamdar öz bedelinde jana ukuktarında érkin jana teñ ukuktuu bolup jaralat. Alardın añ-sezimi menen abiyiri bar jana biri-birine bir tuugandık mamile kıluuga tiyiş.
Hear a recording of the text by Zhanyl Alymkul Kyzy (recorded by Moshe Ash)
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Kyrgyz language
Kyrgyz Cyrillic - Arabic - Latin converter
Online Kyrghyz news and radio
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Page last modified: 23.04.21
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