Fuyu Kyrgyz (Fuyü Gïrgïs)

Fuyu Kyrgyz is a member of the Khakas-Altai group of Turkic languages. It is spoken in Fuyu County in Heilongjiang province in the northeast of China. According to the 1982 census, there are just 10 native speakers. Adults in the community have mostly switched to the local variety of Mongolian, and children are shifting to Mandarin, as it's used in local schools.

Fuyu Kyrgyz is not a variety of Kyrgyz, but is in fact more closely related to Khakas, a Turkic language spoken in Khakassia in southern Siberia. Fuyu Kyrgyz was originally spoken in the Yenisei region of Siberia, but in 1761 speakers of the language were deported to Manchuria, which is now northeast China.

Fuyu Kyrgyz is also known as Abakan Tatar, Fuyu Ka'erkezi, Fuyü Gïrgïs, Manchurian Kirghiz or Yenisei Tatar.

A way to write Fuyu Kyrgyz with the Latin alphabet was developed by Chinese linguists in the early 21st century. It is not widely used.

Fuyu Kyrgyz alphabet

Fuyu Kyrgyz alphabet


Download an alphabet chart for Fuyu Kyrgyz (Excel)

Details of the Fuyu Kyrgyz alphabet provided by Wolfram Siegel

Sample video in Khakhas


Information about Fuyu Kyrgyz

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Lop, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Romanian Tatar, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


Green Web Hosting - Kualo

Why not share this page:


Talk in Arabic - Learn Egyptian, Iraqi, Levantine, Sundanese, Moroccan, Algerian or Saudi Arabic

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.


Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.

Get a 30-day Free Trial of Amazon Prime (UK)