Bashkir is a member of the Kypchak-Bolgar group of the Turkic languages. It is spoken in the southwest of Russian Federation, mainly in the Republic of Bashkortostan, and also in Tatarstan, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Tyumen, Sverdlovsk and Kurgan provinces. In 2010 there were about 1.1 million speakers of Bashkir in Russia, and another 100,000 in Kazakhstan and a number of other countries. Bashkir has been a statutory provincial language in the Bashkortostan Republic since 1925.
There are three groups of Bashkir dialects: southern, eastern and northwestern. The language is also known as Bashkort, Bashqort or Basquort.
Bashkir first appeared in writing in a Runic alphabet during the 9th century AD. It was written with the Arabic alphabet between the 10th century and 1928, when it was replaced by the Latin alphabet, which itself was replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1940.
Arabic alphabet for Bashkir provided by Michael Peter Füstumum
The letters in blue are used in Russian loanwords and names.
Information about the pronunciation of Bashkir compiled by Wolfram Siegel with improvements by 이윤호 and Haqmar
Барлыҡ кешеләр ирекле, дәрәжәләре һәм хоҡуҡтары тигеҙ булып тыуалар. Улар аҡыл һәм выждан эйәһе һәм бер-береһенә ҡарата ҡәрҙәшлек рухында хәрәкәт итергә тейештәр.
Barlıq keşelär irekle, däräjäläre häm xoquqtarı tiñ bulıp tıualar. Ular aqıl häm vıjdan eyähe häm ber-berehenä qarata qärźäşlek ruxında xäräkät itergä teyeştär.
Translation by Haqmar
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Bashkir language
Bashkir folk songs
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