Erzya is a member of the Mordvinic branch of the Uralic language family. It is spoken in the Republic of Mordovia in the west of the Russian Federation, and in nearby areas of Nizhny Novgorod, Chuvashia, Penza, Samara, Saratov, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. There are also speakers of Erzya in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan, Belarus, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
There are about 300,000 Erzya speakers in the Russian Federation, and another 253,000 in other countries, particularly Kazakhstan (18,000), Uzbekistan (14,600), Tajikistan (8,800), Kyrgyzstan (5,390) and Turkmenistan (3,200) [source].
The language is also known as Erza-Mordvin, Erzia, Erzya Mordva, Erzya Mordvin, Mordva, Mordvin, Mordvin-Erzya or Mordvinian. The native name is эрзянь кель (erzänj kelj) [ˈerʲzʲanʲ ˈkelʲ].
Erzya is spoken by adults and children, although children speak it mainly with their elderly relatives.
Erzya and Moksha (мокшень кяль), a closely related though mutually unintelligible language, are collectively known as Mordvin. These languages have co-official status with Russian in the Republic of Mordovia. A standarised spelling system for Erzya started to take shape during the 1920s using the Cyrillic alphabet.
In 1932 a version of the Latin alphabet was adopted for Erzya, and this was slightly modified later that year. Later the Cyrillic alphabet was reintroduced.
Erzya was first documented in 1692 by Nicolaas Witsen (1641-1717), a Dutch statesman, writer and cartographer, who listed some 300 words in Erzya. Other words lists and texts and books in Erzya were published in the 18th and 19th centuries using various spelling systems based on the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets.
In 1932 a version of the Latin alphabet was adopted for Erzya in some areas, and this was slightly modified later that year. The Cyrillic alphabet continued to be used in other areas.
Мордовиясо 28 ноябрянь чистэ карми комсьвейксэце Государственной Собраниянь сессия. Кода мерсть РИА "Инфо-РМ", понедельникстэ депутатонь Государственного собрания заседаниянь советсэ анокстызь повестканть.
Information about the Erzya language and people
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Page last modified: 23.04.21
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