Rusyn is an East Slavic language spoken in Slovakia, Serbia, Poland, Ukraine, Croatia, Hungary, Czechia, and other parts of Eastern Europe. In the year 2000 there were about 636,000 speakers of Rusyn, which is also known as Ruthene or Ruthenian in English.
Rusyn has two distinctive varieties: Carpathian Rusyn (русиньскый язык) and Pannonian Rusyn (руски язик). Carpathian Rusyn is spoken in western Ukraine, northeastern Slovakia, southeastern Poland, northeastern Hungary, and northern Romania. Pannonian Rusyn is spoken mainly in northern Serbia and eastern Croatia, and also in the USA and Canada. Some publications use a combination of these orthographies, or other Carpathian Rusyn orthographies.
Rusyn is officially recognised as a minority language in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina in Serbia, and in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine.
There three literary varieties of Carpathian Rusyn: Prešov Rusyn, which is also on the Rusyn spoken in the Prešov Region in southern Slovankia. Lemko-Rusyn is used in Poland, and Subcarpathian Rusyn, which is used in the Zakarpattia Oblast in western Ukraine, an area known historical as Carpathian Ruthenia or Transcarpathia.
A standard way to write Pannonian Rusyn was first developed in 1923. A modern orthography has been developed since the 1980s in Serbia and Hungary.
Corrections by Michael Peter F¨stumum
Од Велика Аж До Мала
Вшытко Інше Зме Стратили
Лем Бесіда Нам Остала
Respect your native language
From the oldest to the youngest
While we've lost everything
Only our language has remained
Вшыткы люде ся родять як слободны і рівны в достойности і правах. Суть обдарованы розумом і сумлінём і мають робити в духу братства.
Translation provided by Максим Кебкало
Všutky ljude sja rodjat’ jak slobodny i rivny v dostojnosti i pravax. Sut’ obdarovany rozumom i sumlinëm i majut’ robiti v duxu bratstva.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Rusyn language
World Academy of Rusyn Culture
Free Cyrillic fonts
Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Goral, Kashubian, Knaanic, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Sorbian, Ukrainian, West Polesian
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)
Page last modified: 15.09.23
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