Udi is a member of the Lezgian (southern) branch of the Northeast Caucasian languages. It is spoken by about 8,000 people in parts of Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia and Armenia, with the majority of speakers in the Azerbaijani village of Nij in the Qabala district. There are also quite a few Udi speakers in villages in Tavush Province in northeastern Armenia.
Documentation of Udi started in the mid-19th century, and an Udi Grammar, by Anton Antonovich Schiffner, was published in 1863. An Udi translation of part of the Bible was published in 1902, and a small number of publications in Udi have appeared since then.
Since 1992 Udi has been taught in primary schools in Nij. Initially the Cyrillic alphabet was used, but towards the end of the 1990s a way of writing Udi with the Latin alphabet was devised.
Sa pasç’ağen sa pasç’ağax ç’axpi. Yesirreaq’sa enesça iç ölkina iç k’ua enefsa şet’a pasç’ağluğaxal zaft’ebsa. Q’a usenaxo yesir pasç’ağen xoiŝnebsa me pasç’ağax te vatanbez ixbaft’e, barta bez ölkinax tağa furuk’az.
Са пасч'агъэн са пасч'агъаx ч'аxпи. Есиррэакъса энэсча ич оьлкина ич к'уа энэфса шэт'а пасч'агълугъаxал зафт'эбса. Къа усэнаxо yэсир пасч'агъэн xоишънэбса mэ пасч'агъаx тэ ватанбэз иxбафт'э, барта бэз оьлкинаx тагъа фурук'аз.
A king caught a king, imprisoned him and carried him to his own land, keeping in his own house. He ruled over that kingdom, too. After 20 years, the imprisoned king asked this king: I'm thinking of my homeland, allow me to go to my land and I will examine it.
Details of the Udi alphabets, pronunciation and sample texts provided by Michael Peter Füstumum
Information about the Udi language
Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi
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