Botlikh (буйхалъи мицІцІи)

Botlikh is a member of the Avar-Andic branch of Northeast Caucasian languages spoken in the villages of Botlikh (Ботлих), Miarso (Миарсо) and Ashino (Ашино) in the Botlikh region of western Dagestan in the southwest of the Russian Federation. According to the 2010 census, 206 people speak Botlikh, however it is thought that the number of speakers is actually about 8,000.

There are two main dialects: Botlikh and Miarso, which differ somewhat in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar, however are mutually intelligible. It contains words borrowed from Arabic, Russian and Avar, and also some Turkish and Persian words, which probably came via Aver.

Botlikh is being passed on to children and is used in everyday communication, although not in the media or in education. It is rarely written and speakers of Botlikh generally use Avar or Russian as a literary language and in school. Some Botlikh families are shifting to Russian and the language is considered threatened.

Botlikh alphabet and pronunciation

Botlikh alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Botlikh (Excel)

Details provided by Wolfram Siegel and Samira Verhees.

Sample text

Ден ванъа вукIа бугъуйхоб каласалъи. Бугъуйхоб каласла булIо, ден вукIа ишхъе игьи нала гучIида. Цер зиуди ила йанъа йикIа базара. Базареку бай йессуха йишаб заманади галълъиди кьетIир гьибгъва санду. ГьечIиссе дий кьетIир гьушта идо букIичIа. Илуди гьуб кьетIир гьибгъва букIа дий чанчи. Гьуб кьетIирла ибча, ден мигъилъа ванъихо вукIа. Ишкур гьуб кьетIир гванзо чанчихаб букIа. Гьуб кьетIир дичIу бехутIу ругьунив. Гьулъий ишкур туканеру кампитабалъи хихаб букIа.


I was in the fourth grade. When I finished fourth grade, I was at home and I had nothing to do. One day my mother went to the bazaar. She came back from the bazaar with the lamb. I didn't like him at first. My mother bought a lamb to take care of it. I went to the garden with this lamb. I took good care of him. He's used to me. I treated him to candy from the store.

Source: . From a folk story called "Денла диб кьетIирла (Me and My lamb)".

Sample text provided by Jin Wei Hii

Video in Bolikh

Information about Botlikh | Numbers


Information about Botlikh language and peopleБотлихский_язык

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Kaitag, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Lithuanian, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 14.04.24


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