Tatar is a Turkic language with about 7 million speakers in Russian republic of Tatarstan, and also in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA and Uzbekistan.
Tatar has been written with a number of different alphabets: before the 9th century AD it was written with the Orkhon alphabet; then with a version of the Arabic alphabet until 1920. A modified version of the Arabic alphabet known as Yaña imlâ or new orthography was used between 1920 and 1927. Since then it has been written with the Cyrillic alphabet and a number of versions of the Latin alphabet.
Tatar was written using the variant of the Arabic alphabet shown below from the 9th century until 1920.
Between 1927 and 1939 Tatar was written with the version of the Latin alphabet
In 1939 the Cyrillic alphabet was imposed by Stalin. Stalin wanted to discourage
contact between the Turkic republics and Turkey and worried about the development
of alliances which might undermine the authority of the Soviet Union.
Notes and some corrections provided by 이윤호
In 2001 the authorities in Tatarstan decided to switch back to the modified version of Latin alphabet to write Tatar.
Барлык кешеләр дә азат һәм үз абруйлары һәм хокуклары ягыннан тиң бупып туапар. Аларга акыл һәм вөҗдан бирелгән һәм бәр-бәрсенә карата туганнарча мөнасәбәттә булырга тиешләр.
Barlıq keşelär dä azat häm üz abruyları häm xoquqları yağınnan tiñ bulıp tualar. Alarğa aqıl häm wöcdan birelgän häm ber-bersenä qarata tuğannarça mönasäbättä bulırğa tieşlär
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a
spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Corrections provided by Reşat Sabiq
Information about the Tatar language and alphabets
Official Web-site of the Republic of Tatarstan (in Tatar, Russian and English)
Online Tatar news and radio
If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.