Shughni (Хугьнуон зив / Xuġnůni ziv)

Shughni is a member of the Eastern Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family spoken in Tajikistan and Afghanistan. It is also known as a Pamir language, as it is spoken in the Pamir mountains. In Tajikistan it is spoken in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region by about 40,000 people (in 1975). In Afghanistan it is spoken in Badakhshan Province by about 40,000 people (in 2009).

Shughni is also known as Shugnan-Rushan, Khughnani, Khughni, Khughnoni, Khugnone, Shighnani, Shighni, Shughnani, Shughnoni or Shugni.

Dialects include Rushani, Bartangi, Oroshor, Khufi and Shughni. The Khufi and Bartangi could be considered different languages as they differ significantly from other varieties of Shughni. The Rushani dialect has the most speakers: 40,000 in Afghanistan and 15,000 in Tajikistan. The Shughni dialect has about 20,000 speakers in Tajikistan, and other dialects have smaller numbers of speakers in Tajikistan.

Shughni alphabets

Shughni was written with the Arabic alphabet until 1931, then with the Latin alphabet until 1938, and with the Cyrillic alphabet since then. However it is rarely written.

Arabic alphabet for Shughni

Arabic alphabet for Shughni

Latin alphabet for Shughni

Latin alphabet for Shughni

Cyrillic alphabet for Shughni

Cyrillic alphabet for Shughni


вь is also written в̌, гь is also written г̌, дъ is also written д̌, тъ is also written т̌, and хь is also written х̌.

Download alphabet charts for Shughni in Excel or PDF formats

Sample texts in Shughni

Sample text in Shughni

Source: Luqo Inǰīl. Луқо Инҷӣл. Gospel of Luke in Shughni language (Roman and Cyrillic scripts). Institute for Bible Translation, Moscow - 2001.

The above sample as text:

Wi waxt-and farmůn naх̌toyd xu yamand Rūm Qaysar Awgust rimod-i yidê tamůmi zamīn-to mardum saršumori kinen. Yid awwalīn saršumori vad, wiy-en tām naγ̌ӡimх̌-at idê Sūriyā okim Kiwirīnus ca vud. Atā fukaϑ-en toyd tar saršumori, ar х̌āy tar xu х̌ār. Yesuf mis tūyd as Jalīl, as Nosirā-ndi, ar Yawūdo, ar Baytlem nům Dowūd х̌ār, důnd aven idê yu as Dowūd awlod vud. Yu xu xisminenӡ Maryam qati tar saršumori sut, yā dujůn vad. Atā wāδ-en Baytlem-and ca vad, wam mêst ded. Wam-and sarfarzand puc sut, wiх̌tak-i wi х̌ūd xu ribūd-i ar winīr tar γijīd, důnd aven idê wev-ard ar qūšxůna joy na vud.

В̌и в̌аxт-анд фарму̊н нах̌тойд xу йаманд Рӯм Қайсар Ав̌густ римод-и йиде̂ таму̊ми замӣн-то мардум саршумори кинен. Йид ав̌в̌алӣн саршумори вад, в̌ий-ен та̄м наг̌з̌имх̌-ат иде̂ Сӯрийа̄ оким Кив̌ирӣнус ца вуд. Ата̄ фукат̌-ен тойд тар саршумори, ар х̌а̄й тар xу х̌а̄р. Йесуф мис тӯйд ас Ҷалӣл, ас Носира̄-нди, ар Йав̌ӯдо, ар Байтлем ну̊м Дов̌ӯд х̌а̄р, ду̊нд авен иде̂ йу ас Дов̌ӯд ав̌лод вуд. Йу xу xисминенз̌ Марйам қати тар саршумори сут, йа̄ дуҷу̊н вад. Ата̄ в̌а̄д̌-ен Байтлем-анд ца вад, в̌ам ме̂ст дед. В̌ам-анд сарфарзанд пуц сут, в̌их̌так-и в̌и х̌ӯд xу рибӯд-и ар в̌инӣр тар ғиҷӣд, ду̊нд авен иде̂ в̌ев-ард ар қӯшxу̊на ҷой на вуд.


In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria. And everyone went to their own town to register. So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them.

Information and sample texts provided by Wolfram Siegel, Wolfgang Kuhl and Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample videos in Shughni

Information about Shughni | Numbers


Information about ShughniШугнанский_язык

Iranian languages

Avestan, Baluchi, Bartangi, Dari, Gilaki, Hazaragi, Ishkashimi, Judeo-Persian, Juhuri, Khufi, Kurdish, Luri, Mazandarani, Ossetian, Ormuri, Oroshor, Persian, Parthian, Pashto, Rushani, Sanglechi, Sarikoli, Shabaki, Shughni, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Wakhi, Yaghnobi, Yazghulami, Zazaki

Other languages written with the Latin, Cyrillic and Arabic alphabets.

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