Old Church Slavonic (словѣньскъ)

Old Church Slavonic or Church Slavonic is a literary language which developed from the language used by St Cyril and St Methodius, 9th century missionaries from Byzantium, to translate the bible and other religious works. Cyril and Methodius based their translations on a Slavonic dialect of the Thessalonika area and invented a new alphabet, Glagolitic, in order to write them.

Sometime during the 10th century AD a new alphabet appeared which was known as Cyrillic and named after St Cyril, though it was possibly invented by St Kliment of Ohrid. The Cyrillic alphabet was used to write the Old Church Slavonic language and was later adapated to write many other languages.

Old Church Slavonic was used as the liturgical language of the Russian Orthodox church between the 9th and 12th centuries. A more modern form of the language, known as Church Slavonic, appeared during the 14th century and is still used in the Russian Orthodox church.

Old Church Slavonic alphabet

Old Church Slavonic alphabet

Old Church Slavonic numerals

Old Church Slavonic numerals

Notes

Sample texts in Old Church Slavonic

Вьси бо людиѥ родѧтъ сѧ свободьни и равьни въ достоиньствѣ и законѣ. Они сѫтъ одарѥни разоумомь и съвѣдиѭ и дължьни сѫтъ дѣ ıати въ доусѣ братьства.

Transliteration

Vĭsi bo ljudije rodętŭ sę svobodĭni i ravĭni vŭ dostoinĭstvě i z​akoně. Oni sǫtŭ odarjeni razumomĭ i sŭvědijǫ i dŭlžĭni sǫtŭ dějati vŭ dusě bratĭstva.

Translation by Siemoród Wędzki. Provided by Corey Murray

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Source: http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/lrc/eieol/ocsol-7-X.html

Details and improvements supplied by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample text in Old Church Slavonic

Source: https://sprak.gu.se/english/research/Research_subjects/old-church-slavonic

Video in Old Church Slavonic

Information about Old Church Slavonic | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Learning materials

Links

Information about Old Church Slavonic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Church_Slavonic

Online Church Slavonic lessons
http://www.orthodoxepubsoc.org/
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/ocsol-1-X.html

Old Church Slavonic fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_CyrOCS.html
http://babel.uoregon.edu/yamada/fonts/ocslavonic.html
http://clover.slavic.pitt.edu/~aatseel/fonts/wincyrillic.html
http://www.davidzbiral.webzdarma.cz/cyrillicof.htm

Online Church Slavonic keyboard
http://www.churchslavonic.org

Online Church Slavonic Institute
http://public.srce.hr/staroslavenski-institut/en/home.html

Corpus Cyrillo-Methodianum Helsingiense (An Electronic Corpus of Old Church Slavonic Texts): http://www.slav.helsinki.fi/ccmh/

ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html

Slavic languages

Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Knaanic, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Sorbian, Ukrainian, West Polesian

Alphabets

A-chik Tokbirim, Adinkra, Adlam, Armenian, Avestan, Avoiuli, Bassa (Vah), Beitha Kukju, Borama / Gadabuursi, Carian, Carpathian Basin Rovas, Chinuk pipa, Chisoi, Coorgi-Cox, Coptic, Cyrillic, Dalecarlian runes, Deseret, Elbasan, Etruscan, Faliscan, Galik, Georgian (Asomtavruli), Georgian (Nuskhuri), Georgian (Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Global Alphabet, Gothic, Greek, Irish (Uncial), Kaddare, Kayah Li, Khatt-i-Badí’, Khazarian Rovas, Korean, Latin, Lepontic, Luo Lakeside Script, Lycian, Lydian, Manchu, Mandaic, Mandombe, Marsiliana, Messapic, Mongolian, Mro, Mundari Bani, N'Ko, North Picene, Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong, Odùduwà, Ogham, Old Church Slavonic, Oirat Clear Script, Ol Chiki (Ol Cemet' / Santali), Old Italic, Old Nubian, Old Permic, Ol Onal, Orkhon, Oscan, Pau Cin Hau, Phrygian, Pollard script, Runic, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Somali (Osmanya), South Picene, Sutton SignWriting, Sunuwar, Tai Lue, Tangsa, Todhri, Toto, Umbrian, Uyghur, Wancho, Zaghawa, Zoulai

Other writing systems

Page last modified: 08.07.21


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