Sindhi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Pakistan, and also in India and Singapore. In Pakistan it is spoken in Sindh and Balochistan provinces, and in Hyderabad and Karachi, by about 22.7 million people (in 2015).
In 2011 there were about 1.7 million speakers of Sindhi in India in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
In 2010 there were about 3,970 Sindhi speakers in Singapore.
Sindhi first appeared in writing in the 8th century AD and a number of different scripts have been used to write it. Sindhi literature, in particular lyric poetry, began to appear towards the end of the 15th century.
This Khudawadi script, formerly known as the Sindhi script, was decreed a standard script for Sindhi by the Government of Bombay in 1868. It was was developed by Narayan Jagannath Mehta, the Deputy Educational Inspector in Sindh, and is based mainly on the old Khudawadi script, which was used in Hyderabad. It was officially known the 'Hindi Sindhi' or 'Hindu Sindhi' and was used in education and literature. It was eventually replaced by the Arabic script.
The modern Sindhi abjad is used in Pakistan and is based on the version of the Perso-Arabic script used to write Urdu. It was adopted, under British influence, in 1852.
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Hear how to pronounce the Sindhi alphabet:
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(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
In India Sindhi is also written with a version of the Devanagari script.
National Council for the Promotion of the Sindhi Language
Free Devanagari fonts
Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu
Awadhi, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Garhwali, Hindi, Jarawa, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nepal Bhasa / Newari, Nepali, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Saraiki, Shina, Sindhi, Sunuwar, Sylheti
If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.
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