Shina is a member of the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan language family. It has around 500,000 speakers in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral in Pakistan, and also in parts of Kashmir. The it spoken in the valleys of Southern Hunza Astore, Chilas, Darel, Tangir, Gilgit, Ghizer, Gurez, Drass, Juglot Valley, Drotte Palas, Kolai and Kohistan.
Dialects include Gilgiti, Astori, Chilasi Kohistani, Drasi, Gurezi, Jalkoti, Kolai and Palasi. Gilgiti is the prestige dialect.
Shina is usually written with a version of the Urdu Arabic alphabet, and also sometimes with the Devanagari script.
ث, ح, ذ, ص, ض, ط, ظ, ف, ق and ء are only used in loanwords
Details supplied by Michael Peter Füstumum and Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)
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