Shina (षीना / ݜینا)

Shina is a member of the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan language family. It has around 500,000 speakers in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral in Pakistan, and also in parts of Kashmir. The it spoken in the valleys of Southern Hunza Astore, Chilas, Darel, Tangir, Gilgit, Ghizer, Gurez, Drass, Juglot Valley, Drotte Palas, Kolai and Kohistan.

Dialects include Gilgiti, Astori, Chilasi Kohistani, Drasi, Gurezi, Jalkoti, Kolai and Palasi. Gilgiti is the prestige dialect.

Shina is usually written with a version of the Urdu Arabic alphabet, and also sometimes with the Devanagari script.

Arabic script for Shina

Arabic script for Shina

ث, ح, ذ, ص, ض, ط, ظ, ف, ق and ء are only used in loanwords

Devanagari alphabet for Shina

Devanagari alphabet for Shina

Download an alphabet chart for Shina (Excel)

Details supplied by Michael Peter Füstumum and Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)


Information about Shina

Indo-Aryan languages

Angika, Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Haryanvi, Hindi, Indus Kohistani, Jaunsari, Kangri, Kannauji, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kumaoni, Kutchi, Lambadi, Magahi, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Rohingya, Romani, Sadri, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sirmauri, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Tanchangya, Torwali, Urdu

Other languages written with the Arabic and Devanagari scripts

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