Tamang (तामाङ‎ / རྟ་དམག‎)

Tamang is a member of the Tamangic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. It is spoken mainly in eastern Nepal, and also northern India and Bhutan, by about 1.3 million people. Tamang is officially recognised as an indigenous language in Nepal.

The main varieties of Tamang are:

Eastern Tamang is taught and/or used as a medium of instruction in primary schools in Nepal and Sikkim. It is also used in newspapers, literature, and on the radio and TV in Nepal.

Western Tamang and Northwestern Tamang are taught in primary schools, used in literature and newspapers, and on the radio.

Tamang is written mainly with the Devanagari alphabet, and also with the Tibetan alphabet sometimes.

Devanagari alphabet for Tamang

Devanagari alphabet for Tamang

Tibtan alphabet for Tamang

Tibetan alphabet for Tamang

Download alphabet charts for Tamang (Excel)

Sample text in Eastern Tamang (Devanagari script)

बेनान म्हीकादे प्रतिष्ठा थेन याङतामला आधाररी केमाहेन्सेन स्वतन्त्र थेन च्योच्यो ताला। थेनीकादे बुद्धि थेन विवेक किन्दासी खाबा ताला ओम गीसेमगीला गुङरी डीक्पा ह्रिक्पा लातोसेदा मुला।

Sample text in Eastern Tamang (Tibetan script)

བེན།ན་ མཱི།ཀ།དེ པྲཏིཥྛ། ཐེན་ ཡ།ངཏ།མལ། ཨ།ན།ར་རཱི ཀེམ།ཧེནྶེན་ སྭ་ཏནྟྲ ཐེན་ ཙོཙོ ཏ།ལ།. ཐེནཱིཀ།དེ བུདྣི ཐེན་ ཝིཝིཀ་ ཀིནྡ།སཱི ཁ།བ། ཏ།ལ། ཨོམ་ གཱིསེམ་གཱིལ། གུང་རཱི ཌཱིཀྤ། ཧྲིཀྤ། ལ།ཏོསེད། མུལ།.

IPA transcription

benanʌ mʰikade prʌtisʈʰa tʰenʌ yaŋʌtamʌla adʰarʌri kemahensenʌ sʷʌtʌntrʌ tʰenʌ tsʲotsʲo tala. tʰenikade buddʰi tʰenʌ wiwekʌ kindasi kʰaba tala omʌ ɡisemɡila ɡuŋʌri ɖikpa rʰikpa latoseda mula.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajtmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample videos in Tamang

Links

Information about Tamang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamang_(language)
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/taj
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/tdg/23
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/tge/23
https://www.academia.edu/1361754/A_Linguistic_Description_of_Tamang_Language_Spoken_in_Sikkim_State

Tamangic languages

Gurung, Tamang

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Awadhi, Bantawa, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Konkani, Kurukh, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Tibetan alphabet

Balti, Bokar, Dzongkha (Bhutanese), Ladakhi, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Sherpa, Tamang, Tshangla


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