Gondi (Gōndi)

Gondi is a group of South Central Dravidian languages spoken mainly in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Telangana and Madhya Pradesh. There are three main Gondi languages: Adilabad Gondi, Aheri Gondi and Northern Gondi, which have about 2.9 speakers between them.

Adilabad Gondi (కోయంగ్‎ / గోండి‎) is spoken in the Chandrapur, Nanded, and Yavatmal districts of Maharshtra state, and in Adilabad, Karimnagar and Warrangal districts of Telangana state. In 2015 there were about 300,000 speakers of Adilabad Gondi, and it is normally written with the Telugu alphabet.

Aheri Gondi (कोयम‎ / गोंडी‎) is spoken in Gadchiroli district of Maharshtra state, and in Adilabad district of Telangana state. In 2015 there were about 150,000 speakers of Aheri Gondi, and it is normally written with the Devanagari alphabet.

Northern Gondi is spoken in Balaghat, Betul, Chhindwara, Mandla and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh state, and in Amravati, Bhandara, Nagpur, Wardha and Yavatmal districts districts of Maharashtra state. In 1997 there were about 1.9 million speakers of Aheri Gondi, and it is normally written with the Devanagari alphabet.

Written Gondi

There is a rich oral tradition in Gondi, but little written material. When written, the Devanagari or Telugu scripts are generally used for Gondi, while the Masaram Gondi script, which was created by Munshi Mangal Singh Masaram of Madhya Pradesh in 1918, is sometimes used.

The Gunjala Gondi was recently rediscovered by researchers at the University of Hyderabad. Manuscripts in this script dating from the mid-18th century were found in Gunjala, a village in Adilabad district of Telangana. Efforts are being made to promote its revival and use, particularly in northern Andhra Pradesh.

Another script for Gondi, known as the Gond alphabet, was devised in 2010 by Professor Prasanna Sree of Andhra University.

Devanagari alphabet for Aheri Gondi

Devanagari alphabet for Aheri Gondi

Telugu alphabet for Adilabad Gondi

Telugu alphabet for Adilabad Gondi

Download alphabet charts for Gondi (Excel)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajtmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample text (John 3:16)

बाड़ीकि परमेस्वर दुनियातुन ईहुन प्रेम कीतुल कि तन्वोल वर्रोले मर्री सीतुूल कि बोल ओन-पर्रो बिस्वास कीयातोल नास हेतले आयोल पर हमेसा-लुगुस।

బాఢీకి పరమేస్వర దునియాతున ఈహున ప్లేమ కీతుల కి తన్వోలే మర్రీ సీతుల కి బోల ఓన-పర్రో బిస్వాస కీయాతోల నాస హేతలే ఆయోల తర హమేసా-లుగుస.

IPA transcription

baːɽiːki paɾmeswaɾ dunijaːt̪un iːhun pɾem kiːt̪ul ki t̪anwol waɾɾole maɾɾiː siːt̪ul ki bol on-paɾɾo biswaːs kiːjaːt̪ol naːs het̪le aːjol paɾ hamesaː-luɡus.

Translation

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Source: http://gospelgo.com/bibles.htm

Videos in Gondi

Link

Information about Gondi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gondi_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/wsg
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/esg
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/gno

Details of the Gondi scripts
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gondi_writing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunjala_Gondi_script
http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/n3841.pdf
https://www.endangeredalphabets.net/alphabets/gondi/

Dravidian languages

Badaga, Brahui, Dhundari, Gondi, Irula, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Mukha Dora, Ravula, Sankethi, Savara, Sunuwar, Suriyani Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Toda, Tulu, Yerukula

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Awadhi, Bantawa, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Konkani, Kurukh, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo


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